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三星堆:未完待续的考古现场

作者:admin 2020-10-03 我要评论

CONG1986NIANLIANGGEJISIKENGCHUTUDAOXIANZAI,YIGUOQU34NIAN。ZAIGUANGHANDESANXINGDUIBOWUGUANHEWEIYUCHENGDOUDESICHUANSHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUYUANDEKUFANGNEI,RENGCUNYOUDALIANGQINGTONGCANPIAN,DENGDAIZHEYANJIUHEFUYUAN。WOMENDUISAN...

从1986年两个“祭祀坑”出土到现在,已过去34年。在广汉的三星堆博物馆和位于成都的四川省文物考古研究院的库房内,仍存有大量青铜残片,等待着研究和复原。我们对三星堆的了解还有多少空白,以至于有关三星堆的很多问题至今难以定性?

 

青铜大立人像

 

摄影/蔡小川

SANXINGDUIBOWUGUANDEXIUFUZHONGXINSHIYANSHILI,GUOHANZHONGNACHUGERONGBUFANGHE。HEZILITANGZHEYIJIANQINGTONGQIWU,BUDA,SHOUZHANGXINGANGHAOFANGDEXIA。YIYANJIUNENGKANDECHU,ZHEISHISANXINGDUIDEDONGXI——RENXINGDEDIAOXIANG,LIANXINGFANGFANGZHENGZHENG,DAERGAOBI,SHUANGYANTUCHU,ZUIBABIANERKUANDA,TOUDINGYOUXIECANSUN。XIAODIAOXIANGZHANGZHEYIFUDIANXINGDE“SANXINGDUISHI”RENLIAN,QUEJIAZAINIAODESHENSHANG。YUYIQUELEYIBAN,ZHISHENGXIAYOUCE,ZAOXINGBEICHOUXIANGDISUZAOCHENGKUANZHANDE“3”ZHUANG,XIANGSHIGESUISHIKEYISHANGJINGDEFATIAO。

ZHEIJIANBEICHENGWEIRENSHOUNIAOSHENXIANGDEQINGTONGWUJIAN,1986NIANCHUTUYUSANXINGDUIYIZHI2HAO“JISIKENG”,QUESUNDEBUFENBIJIAODUO,DANZHUTIBAOCUNDEHENHAO,XIAOQIAOERDIAOKEDEJINGMEI,GENTONGSHICHUTUDEQINGTONGMIANJU、LIREN、TOUXIANGSUIDAYOUBUTONG,QUESHIYIMAITONGZHI。

ZAIZHEIGEXIAODONGXISHENSHANG,NONGSUOZHERENMENDUISANXINGDUIDEWUJINYIWEN:WEISHENMEHUICHUTUZHEIMEDUORENMIANQINGTONGQI?WEISHENMETAMENZHANGDERUCIDUTE?TAMENSHIRUHEBEIZHUZAODE?NEIXIESHUODADEQINGTONGQICONGHEERLAI?ZHEIXIEXIAOERJINGDEQINGTONGWUJIANYOUSHIZUOSHENMEDE?CUNZAIYUSANSIQIANNIANQIANDESANXINGDUIRENSHIZENYANGDEYIQUNREN?TAMENCONGNAERLAI?TAMENSHIRUHESHENGHUODE?GENCHUXIANSHIQIYOUSUOZHONGHEDEZHONGYUANSHANGWANGCHAOYOUSHENMEGUANLIAN?SANXINGDUIWENHUAYOUCUNZAILEDUOJIU?……

DANYANXIA,DUIYUKAOGUGONGZUOZHELAISHUO,ZHEIXIECONGCHUTUJIUYIZHIBANSUIZHESANXINGDUIDEZHONGZHONGYIWEN,DOUMEIYOUWENWUBENSHENDEWANZHENGXINGLAIDEZHONGYAO。

郭汉中正在为人首鸟身像的鸟尾制作陶范

 

9YUE10RI,GUOHANZHONGHETADEXIUFUTUANDUIDIYICICONGDANGNIANCHUTUDEDALIANGQINGTONGCANPIANZHONG,ZHAODAOLEYIMEIRENSHOUNIAOSHENXIANGDECANBUJIAN。RONGBUFANGHELI,HAITANGZHELINGYIXIAOKUAIQINGTONGCANJIAN,ZHANGYOULIUQIGONGFEN,LOUKONGDIAOKEZHEJINGMEIDEJIHEWENSHI。“ZHEISHINIAOSHENXIANGSHANGQUESHIDENIAOWEIBUFEN,ZUOTIANWOMENCAIZHAODAO,PIPEISHANG。NIMENJINTIANZHENGHAONENGKANDAO,TAIXINGYUNLE!”GUOHANZHONGBANIAOSHENHENIAOWEIPINJIEQILAIWOZAISHOUSHANG,NIAOWEIQIAODEHENGAO,DAPOLEYUANBENDIAOXIANGDEJINGTAIGAN,YIXIAZI,“HUO”LEQILAI。

ZHAODAONIAOWEI,ZHISHIGEKAISHI。

XIANGZHEIYANGDERENSHOUNIAOSHENXIANG,ZAISANXINGDUICHUTUDEQINGTONGQIZHONGHENSHAO。TAMENDOUBUSHIDULICUNZAIDE,ERSHIFUZHEZAIYIJIANDAXINGQINGTONGQISHANGDELINGBUJIAN。QIZHONGYOUYIGEXINGSIDE,ZHUZAICHUTUDEQINGTONGSHENTANSHANG。GENJUFANFUDIBIDUIQUEREN,ZHEIMEIRENSHOUNIAOSHENXIANG,YUANBENYINGGAISHIZAIYIZHUQINGTONGSHENSHUDEZHIDUAN。1986NIANSANXINGDUI“JISIKENG”GANGCHUTUBUJIU,GUOHANZHONGDESHIFUYANGXIAOWUHETUANDUIJIUHUALEJINIANSHIJIAN,FUYUANCHU1HAOSHENSHU,TONGTI3.96MIGAO,SHIMUQIANGUONEICHUTUDETILIANGZUIDADEQINGTONGQIWU,RUJINCHENLIEZAIBOWUGUANDEZHANTINGNEI,CHENGWEIZHENGUANZHIBAO。ERZHEIYIJIAN,BEIDINGWEI3HAOSHENSHU。YU1HAOXIANGBI,3HAOJINGQIAODEDUO,ZHIYOU1.1MIZUOYOU,SHIWEILAIJIGEYUEGUOHANZHONGHETADETUANDUIXIUFUDEZHONGDIANQIWUZHIYI。

修复师郭汉中和待修复的一个青铜尊

 

KUFANGLI,ZHENGZAIXIUFUZHONGDE3HAOSHENSHUXIANDEBUTAIQIYAN,SANGENSHUZHIGEXIANGMAHUABIANYIYANGJIAOCHANXIANGSHANG,ZHIGANYOUXIEDANBO,“CHANRUO”DIYIZAIQIANGJIAO,ZHIGANSHANGMANSHIZANSHINIANHEDEHENJI,YAOKAOGANGJINZHIJIADEZHICHENGCAINENGLIDEZHU。GENJUCHUTUDECANBUJIANLAIKAN,“JISIKENG”NEIDESHENSHUYINGYOU6ZHI8JIAN,XUANZEXIANZAIXIUFU3HAO,SHIYINWEI3HAODECANJIANXIANGDUIDUO,FUYUANQILAIBAWOJIAODA,YEGENGYOUZHUYUXUESHUYANJIU。

CONG1986NIANLIANGGE“JISIKENG”CHUTUDAOXIANZAI,YIGUOQU34NIAN。ZAIGUANGHANDESANXINGDUIBOWUGUANHEWEIYUCHENGDOUDESICHUANSHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUYUANDEKUFANGNEI,RENGCUNYOUDALIANGQINGTONGCANPIAN,DENGDAIZHEYANJIUHEFUYUAN。TAMENYUANBENSHISHENMEYANG?TAMENDEFUYUANHUIBUHUICHENGWEIJIEKAIMOUYIGESANXINGDUIXIAOMITIDEYAOCHI?WOMENDUISANXINGDUIDELEJIEHAIYOUDUOSHAOKONGBAI,YIZHIYUYOUGUANSANXINGDUIDEHENDUOWENTIZHIJINNANYIDINGXING?

DANGZHONGZHONGYILIUDEWENTIBAIZAIMIANQIANWUFAJIEDASHI,SANXINGDUIKAOGUYINGLAILEYICIXINDETUPO——CONG2019NIAN12YUEKAISHI,ZAI1、2HAO“JISIKENG”DEZHOUWEI,XIANRENSANXINGDUIKAOGUGONGZUOZHEZHANZHANZHANGLEIYUHETADETONGSHIMENYOULUXUFAXIAN6GEXIANGSIDEQIWUKENG,SIDALIANGXIAO,TAMENCHAOXIANGYIZHI,DOUSHIDONGBEI-XINANZOUXIANG。

三星堆博物馆修复实验室内

 

LIMIANMAILESHENME?HAIHUIYOUNEIXIEZAOXINGDUTEDERENMIANQINGTONGXIANGMA?YOUHUIYOUQITAXINQIWUCHUTUMA?XINKENGJIJIANGKAISHIWAJUE,RENMENQIDAIZHEZHEICIFAJUEKEYIJISANXINGDUIDEZHUDUOYIHUODAILAIYIXIEQUEQIEDEJIESHI。DANSHI,DANGYIXIEWENTIDEDAODAANSHI,YIDINGHUIDAICHUXINDEKUNHUO。KAOGUDEMEILIBIANSHIRUCI,WEIZHIDELISHICHENGWEIQIANYINKAOGUGONGZUOZHEBUDUANTANSUODIXIAMIMIDEYUANDONGLI。

ZI1929NIANZAICUNMINYANDAOCHENGJIAYUANZILICHUTUYUQIYILAI,SANXINGDUIKAOGUJINGLIDAODI91GENIANTOU,QIJIANSUIYOUZHONGDUANYUKANKE,DANSHIZHONGYOUXINDEFAXIAN。YUDADUOSHUKAOGUBUTONG,CONGCHUTUDALIANGQINGTONGMIANJUHEQIYIDIAOXIANGDENEIYIKEQI,SANXINGDUIJIUYISHENMIDEZITAIXUNSUJINRUDAZHONGSHIYE。MEIRENJIANGUOZHEIXIEDONGXI,YEMEIRENJIESHIDEQING,RENMENWUFASHUOFUZIJI,ZHEIXIEDONGXIBUSHITIANWAILAIWU。CHUTUQIWUCHENGWEIRENMENJIAXIANGDEMUBEN,XIANGGUANJIASHUOYUTUICEPUTIANGAIDIXILAI,JIANGYUANBENJIUPUSHUOMILIDEKAOGUNANTIBAOGUODEGENGJIASHENMI,GENGCHONGMANXIJUXING。BOQUZHEIXIEBUZHEBIANJIDEJIASHUO,SANXINGDUICHENGZAIDESHIFEICHANGYANSULIXINGDEKAOGUWENTIHELISHIMAILUO——TASHIXIANQINKAOGUZHONGDEZHONGYAOYIZHI,YESHILIJIESICHUANDIYULISHIDEGUANJIANHUANJIE。

JIEDUSANXINGDUI,HAISHIDEXIANCONG1986NIANCHUTUDELIANGGE“JISIKENG”SHUOQI,YINWEITAMENZUGOUTEBIE,BAOHANDEXINXILIANGZUGOUJUDA。

三星堆博物馆外景

 

发现“祭祀坑”

SANXINGDUIYIZHIWEIYUSICHUANSHENGGUANGHANSHI,SHISICHUANPENDIMUQIANFAXIANDEZUIDADEXIANQINYIZHI。GUANGHANZAICHENGDOUDEDONGBEIFANGXIANGSIWUSHIGONGLICHU,SUILISHUDEYANGSHI,QUESHIGESHENGXIAXIANJISHI,YOUZHETESHUDEXINGZHENGJIBIE。

CHUZHIYIZHI,YOUXIEBIANBUQINGFANGXIANG。CHENDEANDAIZHEWOMENCHUANSUOZAIYIZHIQUDETIANJIANDITOU:“WOMENXIANZAIJIAOXIASHIGUDAISANXINGDUIDENANCHENGQIANG,ZHEISHIWEIYIYIDUANXIANZAIKEYIXINGCHEDECHENGQIANGYIZHI。”“YUANXIANCHUANCHENGERGUODEMAMUHEHECHUANGSHIHENKUANDE,NIKANKANXIANZAIDOUKUAIMEISHUILE。”“1929NIANJIUSHIZAIZHEIGEYUANQIANGGENCHUTUDASHIBIDE,YUANZIYIJINGFANXINLEJILUN,XIANZAITAMENZHENGMIANLINZHEYAOBEICHAIQIAN,FACHOUDEHEN。”JINNIAN67SUIDECHENDEANSHI1986NIANFAJUE“JISIKENG”SHIDEKAOGUDUIDUIZHANG,ANSHUZHEIYIPIANTUDI。

YIZHECHENDEANDEZHIYIN,PASHANGYIGETUPO,YOULIUQIMIGAO,“ZHEIJIUSHISUOWEI‘SANXINGDUI’DEQIZHONGBAN‘DUI’。”

“SANXINGDUI”,QISHISHIYIZHIQUZHONGDESANGETUDUI,YOUXUEZHERENWEIZHEISANGETUDUICENGJINGSHIYIDAOXIANGLIANDECHENGQIANG,ERXIANZAICANSUNDESANGETUDUIZHISHENGXIABANGELE,GAODUYEBICONGQIANJIANGDILEXIE。

“SANXINGDUI”ZHEIGEMINGZI,ZUIZAODECHUCHUYIWUCONGKAOZHENG。QINGJIAQINGNIANJIANDE《HANZHOUZHI·SHANCHUANZHI》LISHUO:“SANXINGBANYUEDUI,ZHIXISHIWULI。”ZAISANXINGDUITUDUIDEDONGBEIFANG,YOULINGYIDAOCANPODETUCHENGQIANGYIZHI,XINGSIWANYUE,BEICHENGZUOYUELIANGWANCHENGQIANG。YUSHI,DANGDIRENJIUJIZHEIGEJINGGUANQILEGE“SANXINGBANYUE”DEYACHENG。

ZHANZAIZHEIJINCUNDEBANGE“DUI”SHANGXIANGXINANWANGQU,BIANSHI“JISIKENG”DEFANGXIANG。

“FAXIAN‘JISIKENG’,SHIOURANDE,YESHIBIRANDE。”CHENDEANSHUO。YINWEIZAICIZHIQIAN,CONG1980NIANKAISHI,SANXINGDUIKAOGUJINRUZHENGSHIDEKEXUEKAOGUJIEDUAN。DAO1986NIAN,SANXINGDUIKAOGUYIJINGJINXINGLELIANXU6NIANDEFAJUE,QIWU、MUZANG、CHENGQIANG,MEINIANDOUYOUBUTONGDEFAXIAN。

陈德安

 

FAXIAN“JISIKENG”ZHIQIANDEMEIYITIAN,JIHUDOUNENG“WACHUDIANSHENME”——NIZHIHONGTAOHUMIAN、HUITAOCHANCHU、TAOSUSHUANGMIANMAOTOUYING、ZHUHONGSEQIQICANPI、GENERLITOUCHUTUXINGZHIFEICHANGLEISIDESANZUXINGCHUIQIHUOSHIQINGTONGPAISHIDENGDENG。ZAI1986NIAN3ZHI5YUEDEZHEICIFAJUEZHONG,FENLESANGEQUYU,FAJUEZONGMIANJIYOU1000DUOPINGFANGMI,QIZHONGDISANQUDEWENHUACENGDUIJIZUIHOU,FAXIANDEWENWUZUIDUO,ZUIHOUDEDIFANGKEDA16CENGDEWENHUADUIJICENG,WEISICHUANXINSHIQISHIDAIWANQIDAOXIASHANGZHOUDEKAOGUYANJIUJIANLILENIANDAIXUETIXI。ZHEIXIECHUTUHEDAFANWEIDEKANTAN,HAOXIANGDOUZAIWEIYIGEGENGZHONGDADEFAXIANZUOZHEPUDIAN。

JINGUANRUCI,“DANGSHISANXINGDUIYIZHISHENMEDOUBUSHI,LIANXIANBAODOUBUSHI”。DANZAIKAOGUXUESHANG,1981NIANDENEICIYIZHIFAJUEZHIHOU,“SANXINGDUIWENHUA”ZHEIGEMINGMINGYIBEIZHENGSHITICHU。YESHIZAIZHEIJINIAN,SANXINGDUIWENHUADEFENQIYOULEYIGEJIBENGONGSHI:DIYIQIZAIXINSHIQISHIDAIWANQI,DIERQICHUYUERLITOUWENHUAZHISHANGZAOQI,DISANQIXIANGDANGYUSHANGDAIZHONGQIHUOLVEWAN,DISIQIZEZAISHANGDAIWANQIZHIXIZHOUZAOQI。ZHEIYANG,SANXINGDUIYIZHIHESANXINGDUIWENHUADEYICUNJIUBAITUOLEWUXU,ERZOUXIANGYOUXU。ZAIGENGZAODE40NIANDAI,SICHUANDIQUKAOGUJIANGZHONGXINFANGZAICHENGDOUYIDAI,KAOGUXUEJIAWEIJUXIANDENGRENJIUZHENGSHITICHULE“BASHUWENHUA”DEGAINIAN,JISICHUANKAOGURENTIGONGLEYIGEZUOBIAOXI。

2号“祭祀坑”出土的青铜头像。仔细低头看,大多数2号坑出土的都是雕刻了鼻孔的,1号坑出土的量相对少,而且几乎没有细致地雕刻出鼻孔

 

CHENDEANDEDADANG、KAOGUDUIFUDUIZHANGCHENXIANDANZAITADERIJIZHONGXIEDAO,TAMENZAI3QUDELIANGGETANFANGNEIDEDIWUCENG,FENBIEFAXIANLELIANGKUAICAN“ZHUAN”,KUANDUYUE14LIMI,YIKUAISHINEIHONG、WAICHENGQINGHUISE,YIKUAIZEGENGJIEJINHONGSHAOTUDEYANSE。TARENWEIZHEILIANGGETANFANGDEDICENGSHIMEIYOUBEIRAOLUANDE,SUOYIPAICHULEWANQIYIWUHUNJINZAOQIDICENGDEKENENGXING。NEIME,ANZHAODICENGDENIANDAIDADANTUIDUAN,ZHEISHENZHIYOUKENENGSHI3000DUONIANQIANSHURENSHAODEZHUAN。DANYANGBENTAISHAO,BUZUYIZHENGSHIZHEIGEJIAXIANG。

LEISIDETUICEMEITIANDOUZAIFASHENG。SANXINGDUIWENHUAJIUJINGYIWEIZHESHENME?ZAIBASHUWENHUAZHEIGEZUOBIAOXILIZHANYOUSHENMEYANGDEWEIZHI,NENGDADAOSHENMEYANGDEGAODU?JINJINSHITAOQIHEYUQIMA?CHENDEANHETADETONGBANMENXIWANGZHAODAOZHEIXIEWENTIDEDAAN。

7YUE18RI,CUNMINCHENLIZHIZHENGZAISANXINGDUIDE“TUDUIZI”NEIERBANGMANGHUITIANTANFANG,TINGTONGBANSHUOJISHIMIWAIWADAOLEYUQI,BIANLIANMANGPAOQUKAN。“GANGCHULAIDESHIHOUSHIYUQI,WOMENYEBUXIAODESHIXIESHAZI。DOUQIANGZHEKAN,JIUSHIKANXIQI。NEISHIHOURENDOUHAODANCHUNMA。”ZAIYUQIZHOUWEI,HAIYOUDALIANGHAIBEI,“WOMENJIAOHAIPAZI,CHUANQIJIWAERDAIZHE,NENGPIXIE。”CHENLIZHISHUO。

CHENLIZHIDEJIASHILI“JISIKENG”ZUIJINDEYIHU,ZHIXIANJULIBUGUOWULIUSHIMI。CONGCHUSHENGDAOXIANZAI77SUI,CHENLIZHIYIZHIZHUZAIZHEILI。KAOGUFAJUECHULEZHUANYEDEKAOGUGONGZUOZHE,BANGMANGDECUNMINSHILINGYIGEZHONGYAOQUNTI。JINGGUOYIXIEKAOGUWAJUEDEJIBENXUNLIAN,JIASHANGSHIDICAOLIAN,TAMENHENKUAIJIUNENGSHANGSHOU,CHENGWEIKAOGUGONGDISHANGDE“SHULIANGONGREN”。ZAI1986NIANDEZHENGGESANXINGDUIFAJUEXIANCHANG,XIANGCHENLIZHIZHEIYANGCANYUDECUNMINYOUSHANGBAIREN。

“ERCHEN”(CHENDEAN、CHENXIANDAN)YEGANLEGUOQU,YIBIANTAKANXIANCHANG,YIBIANSHOUHUICUNMINSHOUZHONGDEYUQI。LUCHUYUQIDEXIANCHANGJULIDIBIAOJIEJINLIANGMI,ZHOUWEIHAIYOUDALIANGMUTAN、HUIJINHEGUZHA。“ZHEISHIYIGEZHONGYAODEMUZANGKENGMA?”“ERCHEN”DIYICIZUOCHULEZHIJUEXINGDECAICE。“QINHANSHIQIANGRENJINRUCHENGDOUPINGYUANLONGMENSHANYIDAI,QIANGRENYOUHUOZANGXISU。GENJUDICENGDEPANDUAN,ZHEIHUIBUHUISHIYIGEQIANGRENDEHUOZANGKENG?”CHENDEANSHUOWA1HAOKENGSHIYOUGEZHONGCAICE,YINWEIYOUDALIANGGUZHACHUXIAN。DANGUZHASUIDUO,QUEBUNENGLIKEPANDUANCHUSHIBUSHIRENGU。

青铜人首鸟身像,修复师最近才找到缺失的鸟尾,整件器物应是三星堆3号神树上的一个部件

 

SUIHOUDEJITIAN,KAOGUDUIYUANHEGONGRENMENYIZHIZAIQINGLIZHEIGE“MUZANG”。YITONGGONGZUODE,HAIYOUYIXIECHUANDAKAOGUXIDEXUESHENG,“ERCHEN”XUYAOBIANFUZEFAJUEGONGZUO,BIANJIAOXUESHENGJICHUDETIANYEKAOGUJINENG——ZENMEKANDICENG,ZENMEHUITU,ZENMEJICHUTUDEMEIYIJIANWENWUZUOBIAOQIAN,MEIXIAYIGETANFANGDOUYAOFANFUSIKAO:ZHEISHIGEHUIKENG(SHENGHUOLAJIKENG)MA?SHIFANGWUYIJIMA?YOURENLEIHUODONGDEHENJIMA?

CHENDEANQINGCHUDIJIDE,NEINIANDE7YUE,GUANGHANHENRE,TIANQIMENDEHEN,SHICHANGHUIDALEI,ZONGJUEDETIANYAOXIAYUQUEYIZHIXIABUXIALAI。ZHEIZHONGWUFAYUCEYOURANGRENTIXINDIAODANDETIANQI,DUIYUMEITIANZAIYEWAIFAJUEDEKAOGUDUIYUANLAISHUO,YALIHENDA。“YIDANXIAYU,TIANLIDESHUIRONGYIFANQILAI,ZHEIYANGJIUHUIDUIWENWUZAOCHENGPOHUAI。DANYIZHIGUANGDALEIBUXIAYU,TUZHIYOUGANYOUYING,HENNANKONGZHI。FANDAOSHIYEWANTUZHIHUIYOUXIEXUHUICHAO、HUISHI,SHIWAJUESHIZUIHAOKONGZHIDESHIHOU。”JIUZHEIYANG,WAJUEXIANCHANG24XIAOSHILIANZHOUZHUAN。

DAOLE7YUEDI,JINZHANG、JINMIANJU、LONGHUZUN、QINGTONGRENXIANGLUXUCHUTU,RENMENKANDAOLEYIGEBUKESIYIDEDIXIASHIJIE。FAJUEJINXINGDEHENSHUNLI,KENGNEISUOYOUQIWUDOUYIYICHENGXIAN,GEGELEIBIEDUIFANGZAIBUTONGFANGWEI——DAXINGDEYUSHIQIZHUYAOZAIKENGDEDONGNANKENGBIFUJIN,QINGTONGZUN、QINGTONGTOUXIANGHEQITAQINGTONGRONGQIDECANJIANZAIXINANBU,XIANGYAZAIZHONGBU,YOUQISHIYIPIDAXIANGDEMENCHIZAIKENGNEICONGBEIXIANGNANCHENG“YI”ZIXINGPAILIE,JINZHANGZAIKENGZHENGZHONGPIANXIDEWEIZHI。SUOYOUZHEIXIEQIWUHEPAILIEFANGSHIDOUSHIMITI。

YAOSHENRUYANJIUZHEIXIEKENG,XIANYAOGAOQINGCHULIANGGEJIBENWENTI:YISHIKENGDEGONGYONG,ERSHIKENGDENIANDAI,YIJISANXINGDUIWENHUADEFENQIHEKENGZAIZHEIGEXULIEZHONGDEWEIZHI。

戴金面罩青铜人头像

 

青铜人面具

 

2号坑:青铜盛世

YINIANZHIHOU,1987NIAN10YUE,1HAOKENGDEKAOGUJIANBAOKANDENGZAI《WENWU》QIKANSHANG。JIANBAOZHONG,DIYICIJIANGZHEIGEKENGCHENGWEI“JISIKENG”,ERBUSHIGANGCHUTUSHICAICEDEMUZANGKENG。ZANSHIDECHUZHEIYANGDEJIELUN,YISHIYINWEI“KENGNEIGUZHADADUOFANBAI,YIBUFENCHENGLANHEISE,GUZHALIZAYOUZHUMUHUIJIN,KENGNEIKANBUJIANYANXUNHENJI。YINCI,ZHEIXIEGUZHAZAIRUKENGQIANJIUYIFENSHAOZASUI。GENJUGUZHACANPIANGUANCHA,ZHEIXIEGUZHADADUOSHUYUJIAODADONGWUDEGUGE,KENENGSHIJISIYONGDE”。ERSHIYINWEI,1HAOKENGGANGGANGFAJUEJIESHUSHI,2HAOKENGJIUBEIFAXIANLE,LIANXUCHUTUDELIANGGEKENG,SHITAMENXIANGHUZHIJIANCHENGWEICANZHAO,TIGONGGENGDUODEHUBUXINXI,YERANGSANXINGDUIZAIDUANDUANDEYIGEXIATIANZHONG,CHENGWEIQUANGUOKAOGUJIENAIZHIDAZHONGDEGUANZHUJIAODIAN。

CHENLIZHIJIDE,2HAOKENGLUCHULAIDEDIYIJIANDONGXI,JIUSHIJIANQINGTONGTOUXIANG,SUIRANZHIYOUYIJIAO,QUESHIYANGMIANCHAOSHANG。QINGTONGDE,YINSENDE,LENGJUNDE,HAOWUYIDIANBIAOQINGDE3000DUONIANQIANDERENXIANG,ZHEIYIMU,BAZAICHANGDEBUSHAORENDOUHEHUAILE。DANCHENLIZHITINGDANDING,“YINWEIZAI1HAOKENGJIANGUOLEISIDEDONGXI”。

CONGZHEIGETOUXIANGKAISHI,YIGEGENGPANGDADEQINGTONGSHIJIEBEIDAKAILE。

1、2HAOKENGZHIJIANJULI30MI,1HAOKENGBI2HAOKENGLVEDAYIXIE,YUEYOU15PINGFANGMI。DANYU1HAOKENGGONG420JIANDEYIWUCHUTUSHULIANGXIANGBI,2HAOKENGDESHULIANGYAODUODEDUO,YEJINGMEIDEDUO,1300JIANDECHUTUYIWUZHONG,YOU735JIANSHIQINGTONGQI,QIYUYOUJINQI61JIAN,YUQI486JIAN。

青铜罍

 

青铜人头像(背)

 

 

这两个坑是同时埋下去的吗,是否有先后之分?两坑的年代又相当于中国考古学年表和历史年表中的什么年代?对于这两个问题,北京大学考古文博学院学术委员会主任、多年进行三星堆和四川考古研究的孙华教授认为,这两个问题看似简单,但难下定论。

YISHIYOUYULIANGGEQIWUKENGCHUTUDEQIWUZHONGLEIHESHULIANGCHAYIJIAODA,2HAOKENGJIHUMEIYOUTAOQICHUTU,TAOQISHIKAOGUXUEZHONGZHONGYAODEDUANDAIWUZHENG,YINWEIZIGUYILAI,TAOQISHULIANGJUDA,QIXINGGENGXINDIEDAIBIJIAOKUAI,MEIGESHIDAI、DIYUDOUYOUZHEXIANMINGDEFENGGETEZHENG。XIANGBIZHIXIA,QINGTONGQIZESHUYULISHIZHONGGENGDIEBIANHUAJIAOMANDEQIWU,WANGWANGYIZHONGQIXINGKEYICHUXIANZAIQIANHOUXIANGCHAJIBAINIANDEBUTONGLISHIJIEDUAN,YINCIBUTAISHIHENALAIZUOWEIDUANDAICANZHAOWU。ERSHIXUEZHEZHUYAOYIKAOJIAOCHADUANDAIFA,GENJULIANGKENGZHONGQIWUDEYISHUFENGGELAITUIDUANNIANDAI。TONGCHANGHUIGENJUZHONGYUANDIQUHUOJIANGHANDIQUDEZHUDUOQIWUJINXINGLEIBI,DANSANXINGDUIDICHUXINAN,XIANGDUIPIANYUAN,BUTONGDIQUZHEIXIEMAOSIXIANGTONGDEQIWUHUOWENSHIFENGGESHIFOUSHUYUTONGYISHIQI,TAMENZAICHUANBOGUOCHENGZHONGYOUMEIYOUSHIJIANCHA,ZHEIXIEYINSUKENENGDOUHUIDAOZHIPANDUANDEPIANCHA。

JIBIANRUCI,DANGNIANDE《SANXINGDUIJISIKENG》ZHENGSHIKAOGUBAOGAOZHONGZHICHU,1HAOKENGDEYANMAISHIJIANYINGGAIZAIYINXUYIQIZHIMOHEYINXUERQIZHIJIAN,2HAOKENGDEYANMAISHIJIANZESHIZAI“YINXUERQIZHISAN、SIQIZHIJIAN”。DANXIANZAIYEYOUXUEZHERENWEILIANGZHEZHIJIANDEJIANGEGENGDUAN,DANZONGDELAISHUO,TAMENYUZHONGYUANDESHANGWANGCHAOHOUQIJIHUSHITONGSHIDE,DAYUEZAI3200NIANQIAN。

2HAOKENG,YIZHIWADAODIWUCENGWENHUACENGZUOYOU,LUCHUDALIANGJUDADEXIANGYA。RUJINRENGRANSHOUSHOUXIAOXIAODEZHANGYOUYUDAJIEFUZEQINGJIEXIANGYASHANGDECHENTU,NEISHIHOUTACAI60DUOJIN,SHISUOYOUBANGGONGDECUNMINZHONGZUIQINGDE,ZHIYOUTANENGGUANGJIAOBANZHANZAIXIANGYASHANG,BUHUIDUIXIANGYAZAOCHENGSHANGHAI。XIANGYAYOUDAYOUCUDIGAIZAIBIAOCENG,KONGXIZHONG,QINGTONGQIDEGUANGZERENGNANYIYANGAI。

“NEIMEDAYIGEDONGXI,AOJINQUDE,PABUSHIHUANGDIDEZUOYIE!”CONGKENGLIDIYIYANKANDAOZHEIGEJUDADEQINGTONGQISHI,CHENLIZHIJINGDAILE。CONG1980NIANJIUKAISHIGENZHEKAOGUDUIZAISANXINGDUIFAJUE,YESUANSHIDUIGUWUJIANDUOSHIGUANGLE,DANTACONGMEIJIANGUOZHEIMEDADEYIGEQINGTONGQI。BAZHEIGESHUODADEDONGXICONGTULIBANCHULAI,FANGUOLAI,ZUOLEJIANDANDEQINGLIHOU,ZONGMUDAMIANJUCHENGXIANZAIDAJIAMIANQIAN,SHIBUTONGYUZHONGYUANQINGTONGQIWUDENINGLIZHIMEI。

ZONGMUMIANJUCHULAIBUJIU,HENKUAIJIUKANDAOLEDALIREN。“DALIRENCHUTUDESHIHOU,XIEZHELANYAODUANCHENGLELIANGJIE。”JIEXIALAIJIUSHIKENENGLAIZIZHONGYUANSHANGWANGCHAODETONGZUN、TONGLEI。SUOYOUZHEIXIEHUAMIAN,DOUBEIAOTIANZHAOPAILEXIALAI。AOTIANZHAOJINNIAN92SUI,GUANGHANREN,SHANGSHIJI50NIANDAIJINRUGUANGHANSHIWENHUAGUANGONGZUO,CONGCI,MEIYICIGUANGHANSHIDEKAOGUFAJUE,TAJIHUDOUZAICHANG。TACONGMEIYOURENZHENTONGJIGUO,ZHINENGJIGEDAGAIDESHUZI——DADAXIAOXIAOCANYUGUOJISHIZUOHANMU、SONGMUDEFAJUE,QINGLIGUODEWENWUYOUYILIANGQIANJIAN。

敖天照

 

DUISANXINGDUIHEGUANGHANKAOGUDETUIGUANGHEPUJI,AOTIANZHAOSHIGUANGHANBENDIZUIZHONGYAODEYIGEREN。JIANDAOAOTIANZHAOSHI,TADELAOBANQUSHIGANGGUO“QIQI”JITIAN。POSUDELIANGJUSHILAOFANGZILI,AIRENDEYIXIANGGUAZAICHUANGLINGGAOCHU。1973NIAN,AOTIANZHAOZAIHUBEIZHANGJIANGLIUYUKAOGUBANXITONGDIXUEXILEKAOGU,BAOKUOKAOGUHUITU、KAOGUCELIANG。DANGSHIZAIGUANGHANBENDI,JIHUMEIYOURENYOUZHUANYEDEKAOGUBEIJING,AOTIANZHAOSUIRANBANLUCHUJIA,DANYIJINGDUIKAOGUYOULEJICHUDEKEXUEXINGRENZHI。

70NIANDAIHOUQI,GUANGHANDEGEDAXIANGZHENDOUZAIDABANZHUANWACHANG,DANGSHISANXINGDUISUOZAIDEZHONGXINGGONGSHEYEZAIDANGDIQUTUSHAOZHUAN,WACHULAIDEFEITULIJIAZAZHEBUSHAOSUITAOPIAN。“WOYIKAN,TAOPIANNIANDAIYINGGAISHIXINSHIQISHIDAIWANQIDE,GENWOZAIHUBEIHONGHUATAOYIZHIKANDAODENEIXIETAOPIANYIYANG,HUOHOUBUGAO,SHOUGANBIJIAORUAN,QIXINGYEBIJIAOYUANSHI,SHUOMINGSHIJIANHENZAO。”DANGSHISANXINGDUIMEIYOUZHUANMENDEWENWUJIGOU,TAGENBIERENSHUO“KAOGU”,ANZHAOSICHUANHUADEFAYIN,“KAOGU”JIUSHI“QIAOGU”,LINGRENFEIJIE。

ZAIAOTIANZHAODEZHAOPIANLI,DALIREN、ZONGMUDAMIANJUZHEIJIJIANCHAODAXINGDEQINGTONGQI,DOUXUYAOWULIUGERENYIQIBANCHUKENGLAI。ZHIDAOXIANZAI,MEIYIGEZAIBOWUGUANLIKANDAOZHEIXIEDONGXIDERENRENGRANHUIFAWEN:ZHEIXIEQINGTONGQISHICONGNALILAIDE?ZUOSHENMEDE?

DADUOSHUSHUOFARENWEI,SANXINGDUIQINGTONGQIYUZHONGYUANQINGTONGQIJULEISI,DOUSHIJISIYONGPIN。TONGSHIQIZHONGYUANSHANGWANGCHAODEQINGTONGQI,GENGXIANGSHIRENYUSHENZHIJIANDEYIBANZHONGJIEWU,TAMENSHIYIZHONGGOUTONGDEMEIJIE。DANZAISANXINGDUIDEZONGJIAOXITONGZHONG,ZHEIZHONGJIEZHIBUZAISHIJIHEXINGDEQIWU,ERSHISHENXIANGHUOZUXIANBENSHEN。“CONGXIANZAIDEKAOGULAIKAN,SANXINGDUIMEIYOUFAXIANWENZI,DANZHEIXIESHENXIANGKENENGCHENGWEIWOMENJIEDUSANXINGDUIZUIZHIJIEDEQUDAO,TAJICHUDEXINXILIANGHEXINXIJIAZHIJIYUWENZIBUTONG,YEYUZHONGYUANQINGTONGQIWUBUTONG,QITAWENHUAYAOCAITONGZHIJIEJISHENMEYANG,SANXINGDUIQUEYOUMINGQUEDEXINGXIANG,JIWOMENTIGONGLETONGZHIJIECENGDEHENDUOXINXI。”SUNHUAJIESHISHUO。

DUIYU“JISIKENG”DEPANDUAN,CANJIAGUO1980NIANZHI2000NIANSANXINGDUIYIZHIKAOGUFAJUEYANJIUHEZUZHIGONGZUODEZHAODIANZENGSHIJIANJUEHANWEIZHE。ZHEIWEISICHUANSHENGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUOQIANFUSUOZHANGRENWEI,“JISIKENGDEXINGZHIJUEDINGLESANXINGDUIDEXINGZHI”,YINER,ZHENGGESANXINGDUIDOUKENENGSHIYIGEYIJISIWEIZHUYAOMUDEDEGUCHENG,CHENGWEIGUSHUGUORENZONGJIAOXINYANGDEZHONGXIN。

ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANKAOGUYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANSHIJINGSONGZERENWEI,1、2HAOKENGCHUTUDEYIWUCUNZAIZHEMINGXIANQUBIE:1HAOKENGDEYIWUYIQINGTONGRENTOUXIANG、LONGZHUXINGQIHEJINZHANGWEIZHU,TAMENKENENGSHIBUZUSHOULINGDEXINGXIANGHEWANGQUANDEXIANGZHENGWU,YINCI1HAOKENGMAIZANGDESHIZONGMIAONEIDEQIWU;2HAOKENGYIQINGTONGTAIYANGXINGQI、SHENSHU、SHENNIAO、XIONGJI、YANJINGXINGQIHEBIAOXIANJISICHANGJINGDEQIWUWEIZHU,QIZHUTISHITAIYANGCHONGBAI,TAMENCHUZISHENMIAO;ZAISANXINGDUIDEZAOQIGUOJIAZHONG,WANGQUANYUSHENQUANBINGCUN。

1、2HAOKENGQIWUDEMITIHEZHENGYIHAIYUANBUZHIZHEIXIE。KANSICHUTUDEQIWUFEICHANGFENGFURENAO,DANQISHIWANZHENGDEQUZHIKESHU,HENDUODOUSHICANSUNDE、SUIPIANDE,HAIYAOZUODALIANGDEFUYUANHEYANJIUGONGZUO。YEZHENGYINWEIRUCI,GUOHANZHONGDETUANDUIZHIJINRENGZAIFUYUAN1、2HAOJISIKENGNEIDEQINGTONGCANJIAN。

现任三星堆考古工作站站长雷雨

 

三星堆与古蜀国

20SHIJI80NIANDAI,BUZHISHISANXINGDUI,QUANGUOGEGEQUYUDOUYINGLAILESHIQIANHEXIANQINKAOGUDEHUANGJINQI,DONGBEIHONGSHAN、ZHEJIANGLIANGZHU、LIAONINGJIESHIGONG、SICHUANSANXINGDUIDOUYOUZHONGDADEKAOGUFAXIAN,SANWUQIANNIANQIANFENGFUDUOYANGDEMIANMAOZHUJIANFUXIANCHULAI。

WEISHENME80NIANDAICHENGWEIQUANGUOSHIQIANHEXIANQINKAOGUDEYIGEHUANGJINNIANDAI?ZHAODIANZENGJIESHIDAO:“ZHUYAOYOUSANGEYUANYIN:YISHIGAIGEKAIFANGZHIHOU,XUESHUJIEZHONGXINYONGYOUZIYOUDEZHIXUEFENGQI;ERSHIQUANGUOGEDIDOUJINRUDAGUIMODEJICHUJIANSHEJIEDUAN,YOUJIANSHEJIUYAOKAITUOHUANGDI、WADIJI,ZHEIYANGYILAI,HENDUOFAJUEQISHISHIJIYUJIANSHEDEQIANGJIUXINGFAJUE;DISAN,SHISUBINGQITICHULE‘QUXILEIXINGSHUO’,ZHEIYIDIANYOUWEIZHONGYAO,YINWEITARANGGEDIDEKAOGUCHANSHENGLEZHUDONGXING。”

1981NIAN,KAOGUXUEDAJIASUBINGQIFABIAO《GUANYUKAOGUXUEWENHUADEQUXILEIXINGWENTI》YIWEN,ZAICIZHIQIAN,TAYIJINGTICHUGUO“WENHUAQUXILEIXING”DEGAINIAN,BINGTICHULELIUDAWENHUAQUXI:YIZHANGCHENGDIDAIWEIZHONGXINDEBEIFANGDIQU;YIJINSHANYUSANSHENGJIELINDIQUWEIZHONGXINDEZHONGYUANDIQU;YIDONGTINGHUJIQILINJINGDIQUWEIZHONGXINDEZHANGJIANGZHONGYOUDIQU;YISHANDONGJIQILINJINGWEIZHONGXINDEHUANGHEXIAYOUDIQU;YIJIANGZHE(TAIHULIUYU)JIQILINJINGDIQUWEIZHONGXINDEZHANGJIANGXIAYOUDIQU;YIPOYANGHU、ZHUJIANGSANJIAOZHOUYIXIANWEIZHUZHOUDENANFANGDIQU——YICIQUELILEZHONGGUOSHIQIANWENHUAFAZHANYANJINDAZHIDESHIKONGKUANGJIA。

ZISHANGSHIJIERSANSHINIANDAIYINXUKAOGUKAISHI,YINXUBIANCHENGWEIQITADIYUKAOGUDEYIGECANZHAOXI。RUGUOSHUOERSANSHINIANDAIYIYINXUKAOGUWEIDAIBIAODEXIANQINKAOGUSHIMINZUZHUYISHIDEWEIZHONGGUOXUNGEN,NEIMEDAOLE80NIANDAI,YI“QUXILEIXINGSHUO”WEIBEIJINGDEGEDIKAOGU,GENGSHIYIZHONGDIYUXINGXUNGEN,LAIZUOZHENGYIGEDUOYUANYITIDEZHONGHUAMINZU。JIUHAOBIWOMENCENGJINGRENWEIZHONGGUOYINGGAISHIYITIAODAHEFENCHURUOGANZHILIU,DANDAOLE80NIANDAI,HUOXUYINGGAIJIANGJIQIANNIANQIANFENGFUDEWENHUAMIANMAOKANCHENGRUOGANTIAOXIAOHEBINGLIUERXING,ZUIZHONGHUIJUCHENGYITIAODADEHELIU。

RUJINZAICONGZHEIGEBEIJINGXIALAIKANSANXINGDUIDEKAOGU,KEYIGENGJIAMINGQUESANXINGDUIDEJIAZHI。ANZHAOZHANGGUANGZHIXIANSHENGDESHUOFA,DIANBUZAI“XIASHANGZHOUSANDAI”ZHENGZHIDITUSHANGDESHUQIANZUOCHENGSHI,JINGZHONGZHONGWUXINGDENIUDAILIANWEIYITI,GOUCHENGXINGZHENGKONGZHIHECAIFUFENPEIDEFENJIXITONG;ERCHENGYIDEFENJITIXIDATISHANGYUSHIZUHEZONGZUDEFENJIFENCENGXIANGWENHE。GUDAIZHONGGUODEMEIGE“GUO”,DOUSHIYIGEYOURUOGANDENGJIBUTONGDECHENGYIGOUCHENGDEWANGZHUANGZUZHI。SANDAICHUQIZHEILEIGUOHENDUO,MEIGEGUOKENENGYOUBAOKUOLESHULIANGJIAOSHAODECHENGYI。JINGGUOZHANZHENGYUGONGFATUNBING,GUODESHULIANGJIANSHAO,ERSHANGCUNDEMEIGEGUONEIDECHENGYIQUEZAIZENGJIA。

GEJICHENGYIZHIJIANDEHUDONGXINGWEIYOUZHENGZHIJIEMENG、MAOYIWANGLAI、GONGFAJIAOZHAN、HUNPEIJIEQIN,ZHEIXIEYINSUYEZAIBUDUANCUSHIZHE“GUO”DEJIANSHAO。“XIASHANGZHOU”SANGESHIDAI,SIHUDOUYOUYIGEGUOJIAZHANJUZHEYOUSHIDIWEI,DANZHEIGEGUOZHISHITAMENNEIGESHIDAIZUIXIANHEDEGUOJIA,ERJUEBUSHIDANGSHIWEIYIDEGUOJIA。SANXINGDUISUOSHUDEGUSHUGUO,JIUSHIZHEIYANGYIGEYUZHONGYUANWANGCHAOBINGCUNQIEDULIDEGUGUO,ERQIESHIYIGEWEICENGJIANDUANDE、ZICHENGXITONGDEWENMINGTIXI。

“ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEDEKAIDUANSHIYINXU,TIGONGDELISHIXINXILIANGZUIDA,KEYIRANGKAOGUXUEJIAZHANZAIBIJIAOGAODEWEIZHILAISHENSHI。RUGUOMEIYOUWADAOYINXU,WOMENDUISHANGDERENSHIHUIYUANYUANLUOHOU。”SUNHUASHUO,RUGUOMEIYOUYINSHANGZUODUIBIAO,WOMENYEHENNANLIJIESANXINGDUIDEDONGXI。

KEYIKENDINGDESHI,SANXINGDUIWENHUASHIYIGEQINGTONGWENMINGFADADEWENHUA,YOUQISHIZAILIANGKENGCHUXIANDESHIJIAN——JUJIN3000DUONIANQIAN。YOUQUDESHI,ZAIZHENGGESANXINGDUIYIZHIDEKAOGUFAJUEZHONG,CHULE“JISIKENG”,QITADIFANGCHUTUDEQINGTONGQIFEICHANGSHAO,ERQIETIJIHENXIAO,DOUSHIXIELEISIYUERLITOUWENHUAZHONGDEQINGTONGSHIPAIHEQINGTONGLING,SHIXIEXIAOWUJIAN。WOMENDUISANXINGDUIDERENZHI,JIHUDOUZAIZHEILIANGGEKENGLI。DANSHI,ZHENGSHIYINWEILIANGKENGCHUTUDEDONGXITAIGUOYINRENZHUMU,SHIZHONGYUANDIQUCONGWEIJIANGUODEZAOXINGHEJUDATILIANG,TAMENYOUHUOXUHUIZHEBIWOMENDESHIXIAN,ZAOCHENGYIXIEWUDU,JIANGSANXINGDUIHEGUSHUGUODEWENMINGCHENGDUXIANGXIANGDEGUOGAO。RUGUOBATALIJIECHENGZHONGGUOZHANGJIANG、HUANGHELIUYUJIAOHU,MEIYOUGUOQIANGFUSHEXINGDECISHENGWENMING,HUOXUGENGWEITUODANG。

新坑的期待

1、2HAOKENGCHUTUZHIHOU,NEIXIEQIYIDEQINGTONGQIJIANGSANXINGDUITUIXIANGLEKAOGUJIEDEFENGKOULANGJIAN,YERANGTAYIGEZHONGJIASHUODEXINGSHI,CHUXIANZAIDAZHONGSHIYE。ZICIZHIHOU,KAOGUDUIYIZHIZAIJINXINGCHENGZHIDEKANCEHEFAJUE,SHITUHAIYUANCHUGENGZHONGYAODESHUYUZHEIZUOGUCHENGDEYANGMAO,ERBUSHIDANCHUNDIJUXIANZAIDUIQIWUDEYANJIUSHANG。

HENZHANGSHIJIANYILAI,1、2HAO“JISIKENG”BEIHUITIANZHIHOU,ZUOCHENGLELVYOUJINGDIAN。DASHANGZHANDAOHEJIYOUKEXIUXIDEXIAOPENGZI,LIANGGEKENGJIUZHEIMEBEIYOUKECANGUANZHE,XIANGXIANGTAMENCENGJINGSAIMANBAOWUDEYANGZI。2019NIAN12YUE,YICIOURANDEJIHUI,ZHANDAOQIANGJIAOXIA,LUCHULEYIGEJIAO,XUNSUTANCEZHIHOU,XIANRENSANXINGDUIKAOGUZHANZHANZHANGLEIYUHETADETUANDUIJUEDEZHEILIKENENGYOUDONGXI。

LUCHUJIAODENEIGEKENGBIANSHI3HAOKENG。QICHU,SUIRANHENQIDAI,CHENDEANHAIBUTAIYUANYIXIANGXINXINKENGDECHUXIAN,DANTAHAISHIDIYISHIJIANGANDAOLEXIANCHANG。WEIYIDEZHUSIMAJIBEIGAIZAILEZHANDAOXIAMIAN,HENNANKANQINGCHU,ZHINENGYONGSHOUMO。“SHIGEZUN,DAKOUZUN。”PINGJIEDUONIANDEKAOGUJINGYAN,YIJIGUOSHOUGUOSUOYOU1、2HAOKENGQIWUDESHOUGAN,SANXINGDUIDEQINGTONGQI,RENHEYIZHONGQIXING、ZHIGAN,TADOUHENSHUXI。

ZAICIZHIQIAN,JIHUMEIYOURENZAIXIANGXINZHEILIHAIHUIYOUXINDEFAXIAN。ZUOWEIJINGDIANDEZHENGGE“JISIKENG”ZHENGCHUZAIWEIXIUDEJIEDUAN,LVYOUGONGSITOURUQIANWAN,YAOHAOHAOZHENGXIUYIFAN,YANKANJIUYAOWANGONGLE。SUOYOUDEDAJIANXIANGMUBEIXUNSUCHAICHULE。LEIYUHETADETONGSHIMENXUNSUJINRUKANCEJIEDUAN,6GEXINKENGDEKAIKOULUXUBEIFAXIAN,JIHUSHIJIAZAI1、2HAOKENGZHIJIANDE30MIJULINEI,SIDALIANGXIAO,DADEYU1、2HAOKENGLEISI,XIAODEZECHENGZHENGFANGXING。

WEISHENME8GEKENGJINJINAIZHE,QUEGELE30DUONIANCAIFAXIANQIYU6GE?LEIYUJIESHIDAO,QICHUQUESHIMEIRENXIANGXINHAIHUIYOU“JISIKENG”,YOUXIEXUEZHEHUIGENGQIDAIZHAODAOWANGLINGHUOMUZANGKENG;ZAIJIASHANGLVYOUSHESHIDEXIUJIAN,BAZHEI6GEKENGWANQUANZHEZHULE。JIUZHEIYANG,TAMENYOUZAIDIXIACHENSHUILEJISHINIAN。DANSHI3HAOKENGDEKAIKOUBIJIAOWAN。2HAOKENGDEKAIKOUZAIDIWUCENG,DIWUCENGDESHIDAIXIANGDANGYUSHANGZHOUSHIQI;3HAOKENGZAIDISANCENGXIA,DISANCENGDESHIDAISHISONGDAI,DANSHI,“YOUYUWOMENKANDAOLEYU2HAOKENGLEISIDEDAKOUZUN,SUOYI3HAOKENGHE2HAOKENGDEGUANXIKENENGJIWEIJINMI”。

MUQIAN,6GEXINKENGDEWAJUEGONGZUOYIJINGJINRUZUIHOUDECHOUBEIJIEDUAN。GENJUTANCE,XIAMIANDEQIWUKENENGYU1、2HAOKENGXIANGSI——TONGQI、JINQI、GUZHA、XIANGYA,HUIBUHUIZAIXINKENGLIZHAODAOJIUKENGZHONGCANQUEDELINGJIAN?HUIBUHUICHUXIANXINDEQIWU?YIZHIYILAI,YOUGUAN“JISIKENG”NIANDAIDEZHENGYISHIFOUKEYIYOUXINDEZHENGJULAIJICHUYIGEGENGMINGQUEDEJIELUN?ZHEIJIGEKENGZHIJIANYOUYOUNIANDAISHANGDEKUAYUEMA?

“TONGGUOFAJUEZHEIJIZUOJISIKENG,KEYIQUANMIANLEJIEDANGSHIRENMENZENYANGANPAIQIWUKENG,YIJIRENSIZHIHOUYOUXUYAOZUONAXIEYISHIXINGDEXINGWEI。”KAOGUDUIDUIXINKENGDEFAJUECHONGMANQIDAI。ZAIJINGGUODUONIANCHENGSHIKAOGUDESHIJIANZHIHOU,LEIYUYEXIWANGTONGGUOXINQIWUDEFAJUEHEYANJIU,KEYIFANZUOYONGYUCHENGZHIDEYANJIU。RENYUWU、RENYUCHENG、WUYUCHENGZHIJIANGOUCHENGZENYANGDEGUANLIAN?DANG8GEKENGDEMIANMAOQUANBUZHANXIANZAIWOMENMIANQIANSHI,DUIYUGUSHUGUODERENZHISHIFOUYOUHUIFASHENGXINDEGAIBIAN?MEIYIDAIRENTONGGUOKAOGUDEDAODERENZHIDOUZAIBUDUANBIANHUA,JIUXIANGKAOGUBOQUDICENGYIYANG,YICENGYICENGDI,LILISHIYIBUBUKAOJIN。


1.BENZHANZUNXUNXINGYEGUIFAN,RENHEZHUANZAIDEGAOJIANDOUHUIMINGQUEBIAOZHUZUOZHEHELAIYUAN;2.BENZHANDEYUANCHUANGWENZHANG,QINGZHUANZAISHIWUBIZHUMINGWENZHANGZUOZHEHELAIYUAN,BUZUNZHONGYUANCHUANGDEXINGWEIWOMENJIANGZHUIJIUZEREN;3.ZUOZHETOUGAOKENENGHUIJINGWOMENBIANJIXIUGAIHUOBUCHONG。

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