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关于历史,图像小说的可能性

作者:admin 2020-10-28 我要评论

BIQIWENZI,TUXIANGGENGNENGLIANJIEDAOWOMENYISHIDEGENGSHENCHU,JIFAWOMENDEQINGGANHEYIWEN。 《RENLEIJIANSHI》TUXIANGXIAOSHUOFENGMIAN WOMENDOUHUOZAIWANGLINGDEMENGLI 《RENLEIJIANSHI》TUXIANGXIAOSHUOSHIYIZUOZHEBENRENWEIZHUJIAO...

比起文字,图像更能连接到我们意识的更深处,激发我们的情感和疑问。

《人类简史》图像小说封面

 

我们都活在亡灵的梦里

《RENLEIJIANSHI》TUXIANGXIAOSHUOSHIYIZUOZHEBENRENWEIZHUJIAODE。ZAIMANHUAZHONG,YOUWAER·HELALIXIANSHENGDAILEYIFUHEIKUANGYANJING,KANQILAIBIBENRENGENGSHOU,TOUFAYEGENGTUYIDIAN,KEYISUIYICHUANSUOSHIKONG,YIHUIERMANBUYU200DUOWANNIANQIANGURENLEIFAYUANDIDEDONGFEICAOYUAN,YIHUIERZAILUNDUNRENLEIXUEJIADEJIALIXIANLIAOMINGXINGBAGUA,YIHUIERZAIZHONGDONGDEDONGXUELIGENNIANDETERENLIAOTIAN,YIHUIERZAIAODALIYAMUDUZUIHOUYIZHISHUANGMENCHISHOUDESIWANG……

ZAIXIEWANLERENLEIDEGUOQU、WEILAIYUXIANZAIZHIHOU,ZHEIWEIYISELIELISHIXUEJIAZHUANXIANGLEGEZHONGBUTONGDEMEIJIEXINGSHI,XIANGGENGDUODERENQUNCHUANBOTAGUANYULISHIDEDONGJIAN。CHULETUXIANGXIAOSHUOZHIWAI,HAIYOUHUIBEN、ZHANLANDENG。TUXIANGXIAOSHUOJIHUACHUBANSICE,MUQIANZHICHUBANLEDIYIJUAN,JIANGSHURENLEILISHISANCIDABIANGEZHONGDEDIYICHANG——RENZHIGEMING。

ZAIBUJIUQIANWOMENDEYICISHIPINCAIFANGZHONG,TAYIZAIQIANGDIAOZHEIJIANSHIQINGDEZHONGYAOXING。“WEILEYINGDUI21SHIJIDETIAOZHAN,WOXIANGXINSUOYOURENDOUXUYAOYIGEGENGDADELISHISHIJIAOLAILIJIEJINTIANSHIJIESHANGFASHENGDESHIQING,BIRUWOMENXIANZAIMIANDUIDESHENGTAIWEIJI,HUOZHEJISHUDUIWOMENZHEIGEWUZHONGDAILAIDEWEIXIE。WOMENCENGJINGDAOZHILE5GERENLEIWUZHONGDEMIEJUE,XIANZAIWOMENMIANLINDANGNIANNIANDETERENMIANLINDEXIANGSIDEKUNJING:YIZHONGXINDELILIANGZAIJUEQI,WOZHIDESHIRENGONGZHINENGDENGJISHU,TAMENKENENGDUIWOMENZUOCHUDANGNIANWOMENDUINIANDETERENZUOGUODESHIQING。ZHEIBUSHIZHONGGUOvsMEIGUO,HUOZHEOUZHOUvsRIBENDESHIQING,ERSHIRENLEIvsYIZHONGWANQUANBUTONGDEZHINENG。”

“如果有人告诉你,有一艘外星飞船,来自遥远星球,搭载了高级外星科技,他们正在路上,30年后到达地球。想象一下,这条新闻会让这个世界恐慌成什么样子?但这不是想象,而是正在发生的事实,可能会在30年后或者50年后到达,只不过不是从外星球来的,而是从我们的世界内部来的,从世界各地的高科技实验室里出来的。这种高级智能未必是邪恶的,也并不想毁灭人类,但是它一定会改变世界,改变你我的生活,比如让我们的生活变得毫无意义,或者无关紧要。”

DUIYUTADEMORIYUYAN,DAODIYINGGAIXIANGXINJIFEN,HUAIYIJIFEN,WOBUGANDUANYAN。GUANYUZHEIGEHUATI,YouTubeSHANGYOUTAYUZHUMINGYUYANXUEJIASHIDIFEN·PINKEDEYICIDUITAN。JIBENSHANG,PINKEDEYISISHI,SHIDE,NIDEYOULVYOUKENENGFASHENG,DANJISHIFASHENG,YESHIZAIYAOYUANDEWEILAI,XIANDAIJISHUYUANYUANMEIYOUDADAOSUIYICAOZONGRENLEIJIYINHUOJINGSHENDEDIBU。

WOGENGYUANYIXIANGXIN,ZAIWOMENZHEIGESUIPIANHUASHENGCUNDESHIDAI,TADE《RENLEIJIANSHI》SANBUQUZHISHIMANZULEWOMENZUOWEIMIAOXIAO、SUILIEDEGETIDUIYUHONGDA、WANZHENGXUSHIDEPOQIEXUQIU——YIGEKEYIJIESHIYIQIEDELILUN。BIRUTAGUANYU“GUSHI”DELILUN——RENZHISUOYIWEIREN,ZUIBENZHIDEYUANYIN,JIUSHIRENYOUXUGOUNENGLI。SUOWEISHANGDI、GUOJIA、HUOBI、RENQUAN……ZHEIXIEDOUSHIRENLEIXUGOUCHULAIDANYOUZAIRENLEISHEHUIZHONGBEIPUBIANJIESHOUDEGUSHI。ZHENGSHIZHEIZHONGXUGOUNENGLICUCHENGLERENLEISHEHUIGUIMOBUDENGDEHEZUO,CONGERJIANGRENLEITUIXIANGLEDIQIUSHENGWULIANDEDINGDUAN。

ANZHAOHELALIDESHUOFA,CONGZHEIGEJIAODULAISHUO,QISHIWOMENDOUHAIHUOZAISIRENDEMENGLI。“ZHEIXIEGUSHI,JIBAINIANQIANFAMINGDEGUSHI,JIUXIANGGONGXIANGDEMENGJING,ZONGJIAODEMENG,GUOJIADEMENG,JINGJIDEMENG,WOMENRENGRANHUOZAILIMIAN,ZHEIWEIBISHIHUAISHI,DANWOMENBIXUJIZHUZHEIXIEZHISHIWOMENCHUANGZAOCHULAIBANGZHUWOMENSHENGHUODE,ERBUSHIBEITAMENSUONUYI。”

ZAITUXIANGXIAOSHUOBANBENZHONG,RENLEIDEXUGOUNENGLIBEIJUXIANGHUAWEIYIGECHAOJIYINGXIONG,ZHANGZHEYIFUHEIRENXIPIMINGXINGDEYANGZI,SHENPIHONGPIFENG,TOUDAIXUNIXIANSHIZHUANGBEI,XIONGQIANXIELEYIGEDADADE“F”。“DANGRENMENXIANGDAOCHAONENGLIDESHIHOU,TAMENCHANGCHANGHUIXIANGDAOYINSHEN、FEIXING,FEIDEBIGUANGSUGENGKUAIZHILEIDE,DANRENLEIZHENZHENGDECHAONENGLI,SHICHUANGZAOYIGEGUSHI,CUCHENGSHUBAIWANREN,SHENZHISHUSHIYIRENDEDAGUIMOHEZUO。”HELALIGAOSUWO。

图像小说叙述历史的潜能

“DUIWOLAISHUO,YONGTUXIANGXIAOSHUOLAIXIELISHI,ZUIDADELEQUJIUSHIDAPOSUOYOUGUANYURUHESHUXIELISHIDEXUESHUCHANGGUI。WOCONGLAIMEIXIANGGUOWOKEYIZAILISHIXIAOSHUOLIXIEZHENRENXIU,XIECHAOREN,XIEZHENTANGUSHI——YIGEJIAOLUOPEIZIDENIUYUEJINGGUANZAIDIAOCHAYIQILIANHUANSHARENAN,ERQIESHIDIQIUYOUSHIYILAIZUICANBAODESHENGTAILIANHUANSHASHOU,ZAIAODALIYA、MEIZHOUHESHIJIEQITADIFANGXINGXIONG……”

DUIDABUFENZHONGGUODUZHEERYAN,TUXIANGXIAOSHUORENGRANSHIYIZHONGXIANGDUIMOSHENGDEMEIJIE。JIANDANERYAN,ZHEISHIYIZHONGXINXINGDEGONGCHENGRENYUEDUDEMANHUASHU,TUWENBINGMAO,PIANFUJIAOZHANG,TICAIXIANGDUIYANSU,YEZHUIQIUGENGSHENKEDENEIHAN。MEIGUOMANHUAJIAATE·SIPIERGEMAN(Art Spiegelman)CENGJINGYITUXIANGXIAOSHUO《SHUZU》(Mous),JIANGSHUTAFUQINZAINACUIDATUSHASHIQIDEJINGLI,BINGHUODEPULICEWENXUEJIANG。NEIBENSHUZHONGDERENWUZHANGZHEMAO、SHUHEZHUDELIAN,JIANGSHUDEQUESHIRENLEILISHISHANGZUICANKUDEYIDUANSHISHI。ZHEIBUZUOPINDIYICIRANGRENMENYISHIDAO,YUANLAIMANHUAHAIKEYIJIANGSHURUCIFUZA、YANSUERSHENKEDEGUSHI。

ZUIJINSHIJINIANLAI,CHULEXUGOUZUOPINZHIWAI,TUXIANGXIAOSHUOZAIKEPU、CHUANJI、LISHI、YOUJIDENGFEIXUGOULINGYUYEDOUYOUHENYOUXIUDEZUOPINCHUXIAN。YILANGMANHUAJIAMAJIA·SHATABIDE《WOZAIYILANGZHANGDA》,FAGUOMANHUAJIAAIMANIUAIER·LEBAREDE《QIEERNUOBEILIZHICHUN》,JIANADAMANHUAJIAGAI·DELISILEDEPINGRANGYOUJI、YELUSALENGYOUJIDENG,DOUCHONGFENZHANXIANLETUXIANGXIAOSHUOZAIGETIXINGLISHIXUSHIZHONGDEJUDAQIANLI,YOUQISHINEIXIEZAINANXINGDELISHIJINGYAN。YOUXUEZHERENWEI,TUXIANGXIAOSHUOZAIXIFANGDEXINGQI,ZHENGSHIYINWEICHUANTONGDEYISHUBIAOXIANXINGSHIYIJINGWUFABIAODA“ERZHAN”YIJIZHIHOURENLEIZAOYUDEZHONGZHONGCHUANGSHANG。

DUIHELALILAISHUO,TUXIANGXIAOSHUOZHISUOYIYOUQU,ZESHIYINWEISHIJUEYUYANDESHIYONGBIPOTAHUIDAYIXIEQUANXINDELISHIWENTI。BIRU,NIXIERENLEIFAMINGLEHUO,MEIGERENDOUNENGZAINAOHAILIDAGAIGOUXIANGCHUYIGECHANGJING,DANDANGNIHUAYIFUMANHUADESHIHOU,NIJIUDEJUEDINGSHISHENMERENFAMINGLEHUO,NANRENHAISHINVREN?SHAONIANHAISHILAOREN?TAMENDESHOULINAZHESHENME,SHIMUGUN,HAISHISHITOU?NIBUDEBUHUIDAOLISHIWENXIANZHONGLAIHUIDAZHEIXIEWENTI。

“GUOQUDELISHIJIZAILI,NANRENQIANGZOULEJUEDABUFENDERONGYAO,NVRENZONGSHIZAIBEIJINGLIBAOZHEHAIZI,DANXIANZAIWOMENKEYIWENWENWEISHENME,WEISHENMEDOUSHINANRENFAMINGLENEIXIEZHONGYAODEDONGXI?YEXUSHINVREN。ZHEIXIEDOUSHIWOHEHUAJIAJINGCHANGTAOLUNDEWENTI。”

“DANGNIYONGTUHUALAISIKAODESHIHOU,HENDUONIYONGWENZIXIEZUOSHIWANQUANBUHUIXIANGDAODEWENTIHUIHENZIRANDIMAOCHULAI。BIRUNIXIERENLEIYUDAONIANDETEREN,NIZHISHIXIEXIALAI,MEIGERENDOUNENGXIANGXIANGNEIGEQINGJING。DANNIYAOHUAYIFUMANHUA,JIUDEKAOLVNIANDETERENZHANGSHENMEYANGZI,TOUFASHENMEYANSE,TAMENDEFAXING、FUSE、XINGBIE、NIANLING……HENDUOMANHUAJIAHUIBAGURENLEIHUADEXIANGGEOUZHOUREN,DANZAIZHEIBENSHULI,NIHUIFAXIANZHIRENZHANGDEGENGXIANGSHIFEIZHOURENDEYANGZI,YINWEITAMENBENLAIJIUSHICONGFEIZHOUCHULAIDE。XIANGBIZHIXIA,NIANDETERENDEFUSEGENGDAN,TOUFAYANSEYEGENGDANYIDIAN。YIQIANXIELISHISHU,WOBUYONGXIANGZHEIXIE,DANXIANZAIZHEIXIEDOUBIANDEHENZHONGYAOLE。”

YUQISHUO,ZHEIXIETUXIANGDEXIJIEDAIWOMENJINRULISHIDENEIBU,BURUSHUO,ZHEIXIETUXIANGZAIGULIWOMENXIANGXIANGLISHIDEXIANCHANG:SHIQISHIDAIDEZUXIANMENSHIZENMESHENGHUODE?TAMENZAOSHANGXINGLAIHUIZUOSHENME?TAMENDEZAOCANHEWUCANCHISHENME?TAMENDESHEHUIJIEGOUSHIZENYANGDE?SHIQISHIDAIDEXINGSHENGHUOSHISHENMEYANGDE?TAMENYOUQINGDIAN、DAODEGUIFAN、TIYUJINGSAIHEZONGJIAOYISHIMA?TAMENDAZHANGMA?

DUIYUZHEIXIEWENTI,HUAJIAYONGHUABIHUAXIALEYIBUFEN,BIRUTAMENRUHEZHAIJIANGGUO,WAKUAIJING,ZHIZAOSHIQI,ZHUIBUXIAOXINGLIEWU,WEIBUDAXINGLIEWU;RUHETANCHASHUIYUAN,SHUXIHUANJING,LEJIEJIJIEGENGTI……DANGENGDUODEZESHIYIHUAJIMANHUADEXINGSHILAIXISHUODE,BIRUHUODEGUANGGAOXUANCHUANDAN,NIANDETERENDETONGXINGLIANQINGLV,YUANSHIRENBIERDUIYU“DANAOZI”DEZHINIAN。

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ZAIQIZHONGYIZUHUAMIANLI,HELALIZHANZAIHOUHOUDELISHIWEIMUZHIQIAN,BANGWOMENJIEKAINEIXIEYUANGULISHIKENENGDEFENGJING:“CAIJIZHEZHONGYEXUYOURENXIANGNAPOLUNYIYANGSUOXIANGPIMI,TONGZHIDEDIGUOQUEZHIYOULUSENBAODEYIBANDAXIAO。YEXUYOURENXIANGBEIDUOFENYIYANGCAIHUAHENGYI,SUIMEIYOUJIAOXIANGLETUAN,DANNENGYONGZHUDICHUIZOUCHULINGRENLUOLEIDELEQU。YEXUYOURENXIANGXIANZHIYIYANGMEILICHAOFAN,ZHIBUGUOJIESHIDESHIDANGDIYIKEXIANGSHUDEGAOYU,ERBUSHIYUZHOUJIANZAOWUZHUDESHENYU。BUGUO,ZHEIXIEWOMENQUANBUZHINENGKAOCAICE。ZHEIFUCHENMODEWEIMURUCIHOUZHONG,WOMENLIANZHEIXIESHIQINGSHIFOUCENGJINGFASHENGDOUNANYIDUANDING,HUANGLUNXIANGXIMIAOSHU。”

LISHIDEKONGBAI、CHENMOZHICHU,SHIFOUJIUSHITUXIANGDETESHULILIANGSUOZAI?BIQIWENZI,TUXIANGGENGNENGLIANJIEDAOWOMENYISHIDEGENGSHENCHU,YEGENGNENGJIFAWOMENBENNENGDEQINGGANHEYIWEN。

ZHEIBENSHUZONGTISHANGDUQILAISHIHENQINGKUAIYUYUEDE,YOUQISHITUXIANGDAILAIDELISHIXUSHIDEZIYOUDUHELINGHUOGAN。LIANGWEIMANHUAJIACONGWENXUEHEHUIHUAZHONGJIEYONGLEDALIANGDECIHUIHEYUFA,WOMENKEYISUIYICHUANSUOYUBUTONGDELISHISHIKONGZHIJIAN,DUIBIBUTONGWUZHONGDESHENGLIGOUZAO、SHEHUIJIEGOUHEXINGWEIFANGSHI,SHENZHIZAIXIANSHIYUXIANGXIANGZHIJIANRENYIQIEHUAN。BIRUZAIJIESHIMIFENGDEQUNTIHEZUOYURENLEIDEQUNTIHEZUODEQUBIESHI,MANHUAJIAKEYISUISHOUHUAYIGEMIFENGWANGGUOLIDEFAGUODAGEMINGDECHANGJING;ZAITAOLUNZHIRENYUQITARENLEIWUZHONGZHIJIANDEGUANXISHI,YOUQISHIZHIRENYUNIANDETERENKENENGDEHUNZHONGFANZHILILUNSHI,MANHUAJIAXIFANGLEDALIANGZHUMINGHUIHUAZUOPIN,BIRUGELANTE·WUDEDE《MEIGUOSHIGETEFENGGE》,LENEI·MAGELITEDE《LIANREN》,AIDEHUA·HUOPUDE《NIUYUEDEFANGJIAN》,BIJIASUODE《GEERNIKA》……ERDANGZHIRENXIAOMIELESUOYOUQITARENLEIWUZHONGZHIHOU,SHIHELALIDUZIMIANDUIMANGMANGDAHAIDEBEIYING,NEISHIDEGUOHUAJIAFULIDELIXIDEZUOPIN《WUZHONGXINGZHE》。

XIAOSHIDEBUJINJINSHIQITADERENLEIWUZHONG。ZAIZHIRENDIDAAODALIYAHOUDE2000NIANJIAN,90%DEJUXINGDONGWUMIEJUELE。ZAIGUOQUDELISHISHULI,ZHEIXIEDONGWUZHISHIYIGEGEGUAIYIDEMINGZI:DAISHI、MENGMAXIANG、JIANCHIHU、JUXINGDITA、JUSHI……DANXIANZAI,TAMENYIBIYIHUAHUOSHENGSHENGDIZHANZAIWOMENYANQIAN,TIXINGWOMEN,GUDUDERENLEISHIKECHIDE。

YIXIAOGUOHOU,ZHEIXIEHUAMIANZAIWOXINZHONGLIUXIADESHIYINYINDECITONGGAN。RUHELALISUOSHUO,LIJIEWOMENYUZHEIXIEWUZHONGZHIJIANDEGUANXI,BUJINJINSHILISHIWENTI,YESHIZHEXUEWENTI,GUANYUWOMENSHISHEI,SHENGERWEIRENDAODISHISHENMEYISI。

 

推荐几本图像小说

《地球上最聪明的小子》

作者:[美]克里斯·韦尔

出版社:新星出版社

GUSHIKAISHIYU36SUIDEJIMI·KERUIGENJIEDAOCONGWEIMOUMIANDEFUQINDELAIXIN,YAOTAQUMIXIEGENJIAZHONGGONGDUGANENJIEJIAQI,SUIXINHAIFUSHANGYIZHANGJIPIAO——QU,HAISHIBUQU?GUDU、WEISUO、GEXINGNUORUODEJIMIZAIWANFENJIUJIEZHONGTASHANGLETADEXUNFUZHILV。

ZAIJIMIDEGUSHIZHIWAI,SHUZHONGHAICHUANCHALELINGYITIAOPINGXINGDEGUSHIZHUXIAN,SHIGUANYUTADEZUFUZHANMUSIDEBEICANTONGNIAN。19SHIJI90NIANDAI,ZHANMUSIHAISHIGE9SUIDEHAIZI,MUQINSIYUNANCHAN,TAYUXINGQINGGUGUAIBAOZAODEFUQINXIANGYIWEIMING,TAMENJUZHUDECHENGSHIZHIJIAGEMASHANGJIUYAOJUBANYICHANGHONGWEIDESHIJIEBOLANHUI,ERTADEMINGYUNYEJIANGFASHENGGAIBIAN。

《缅甸小日子》

作者:[加]盖·德利斯勒

出版社:湖南美术出版社

ZUOZHEYONGXINWENDEBIFAHUAMANHUA,HUNHEYOUJI、JISHI、GAOXIAO、MANHUA、YUERDUOZHONGFENGWEI,JUZHONGRUOQING,JIANG“ZHENGZHI、ZONGJIAO、FENGTU、RENDAOZHUYI”ZHEILEIHONGDAMINGTIRONGRURICHANGSHENGHUODEMIAOHUIZHONG,JINGXIANTIAOJIANDANDEMANHUAPOUXIJIEGOU,HUADETONGSU、JIACHANG,GEZHONGBICHUTANDANGERXIWEI,DONGRENZHICHUYEZHENGZAIYUCI。

《旁观者》

作者:[比]本·吉塞曼斯

出版社:贵州人民出版社

ZHONGNIANNANZIXIUBOTEYIGERENSHENGHUO,MEISHENMEAIHAO,JIUXIHUANDAOMEISHUGUANKANZHANLAN,TAPAIXIATAXIHUANDEYOUHUAZUOPIN,TONGCHANGSHIYIXIEMEILIDENVXING,BIRUMANAIDE《AOLINPIYA》,RANHOUHUIDAOJIAZHONGDUIZHEZHAOPIANXIXILINMO。YISHOUCAIQIANHUIJIUDECUNZAIZHUYITUXIANGSHI,SHIYIBANDEYUYANHELIUBAIYUWEIYOUZHANG。

《画的秘密》

作者:[法]马克-安托万·马修

出版社:北京联合出版公司

ZHIYOUAIDEHUAQUSHILE,YIZENGJIAIMIERYIFUHUA。PENGYOUYONGZHILIHEQINGGANZHUJIUDEHUAZHONG,MEIYIGEXIJIEDOUSHIBINGSHANYIJIAO,SHIYIGEZIMI、YIGEWANXIAO、YIGETONGWANGLINGYIPIANTIANDIDERUKOU……

HUAMIANYUESHENYUANDEDIFANG,WEIMIAODEXIJIEJIUYUEDUO,LIANXIANWEIJINGYEBUZUYIZHANXIANQIZHONGSUOYOUDEDONGXI。AIMIERQINGJINYUSHENGZHUISUIHUADEMIMI,JIANGQIZHONGDEXIJIEFUZHI、FANGDA、LINMO、JIEDU。NEIXIEZAISHIJIANLIUSHIZHONGJIANJIANXIANXIANDEHENJI,ZHENGZAIQIAOQIAOJIEKAIZHEIGELINGRENNANYIZHIXINQIECHONGMANSHIYIDEMIDI……

《这里》

作者:[美]理查德·麦奎尔

出版社:北京联合出版公司

《ZHEILI》SHIYITANGMIHUANERHUALIDESHIJIANLVXING。TAJIANGJINGTOUMIAOZHUNXINZEXIZHOUDEYIJIANPINGFANKETING,ZAITONGYIFUHUAMIANZHONGCHUANYUEBAIWANNIAN,PINTIECHU“ZHEILI”ZAISHIJIANLIUZHUANZHONGDEQIMIAOBIANHUA。YUSHI,SHIQIANJUSHOUTONGWEILAIDEKEJIBINGCUN,1950NIANDEGUSHITONG2015NIANDESHIQINGYAOXIANGHUYING,ZHANXIANCHUYIXIAOKUAIKONGJIANZAISHIJIANMIANYANZHONGDEWUXIANKENENG。


1.BENZHANZUNXUNXINGYEGUIFAN,RENHEZHUANZAIDEGAOJIANDOUHUIMINGQUEBIAOZHUZUOZHEHELAIYUAN;2.BENZHANDEYUANCHUANGWENZHANG,QINGZHUANZAISHIWUBIZHUMINGWENZHANGZUOZHEHELAIYUAN,BUZUNZHONGYUANCHUANGDEXINGWEIWOMENJIANGZHUIJIUZEREN;3.ZUOZHETOUGAOKENENGHUIJINGWOMENBIANJIXIUGAIHUOBUCHONG。

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