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大卫·格雷伯的无政府主义人类学

作者:admin 2020-09-20 我要评论

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美国人类学家大卫·格雷伯于9月2日在威尼斯一家医院病逝,享年59岁。他是2011年“占领华尔街运动”的早期组织者之一。

美国人类学家大卫·格雷伯

 

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2004NIAN,GELEIBOCHUBANLEYIBENXIAOSHU《WUZHENGFUZHUYIRENLEIXUESUIPIAN》,TASHUOWUZHENGFUZHUYIBUREZHONGGAOSHENDELILUN,TASHISHIJIANDE、LINGHUODE、FANJIAOTIAODE。WUZHENGFUZHUYIRENWEI,LINGYIGESHIJIESHIKENENGDE。“XIANGGUOJIA、ZIBENZHUYI、ZHONGZUQISHIYIJINANXINGTONGZHIZHEIYANGDEJIZHIBINGBUSHIWUKEBIMIANDE,WOMENKEYIYONGYOUYIGESHIJIE,NEILIJIMEIYOUZHEIXIEDONGXI,ERWOMENYESHENGHUODEGENGMEIHAO。LEGUANZHUYICHENGWEIYIZHONGJUEDUIMINGLING。YUNYONGRENLEIXUEYANJIUFANGFA,GUANCHARENMENZUOSHENME,RANHOUCHANGSHISHULIYINZANGZAIXINGDONGHUOXINGWEIZHONGDEFUHAO、DAODEHUOSHIJIANLUOJI,CHANGSHILEJIETAMENBUZIJUEDEXINGWEIHUOXIGUAN,QUGUANCHASHEIZHENGZAICHUANGZAOHUOSHIXINGLINGYIZHONGKEXINGDEMOSHI。”

ZHEIBENSHUZHONG,GUANYU“GOUPIGONGZUO”DELILUNYIJINGCHUJIANDUANNI。“DIKANGGONGZUOYIXIANGDOUSHIZUZHIWUZHENGFUZHUYIZHEDEHEXIN。YOUXUDUOGONGZUOXIAOSHILE,JIHUMEIGERENDOUHUITONGYISHIRENLEIZHIFU。PIRUDIANHUACHUANXIAOYUAN、QIYELVSHI。WOMENYEKEYIQUXIAOZHENGGEGUANGGAOJIGONGGUANXINGYE,JIEGUSUOYOUZHENGKEHETAMENDEGUYUAN,QUXIAOGUANGGAOKEYIJIANSHAOSHENGCHAN、YUNSHUYIJICHUSHOUBUBIYAODECHANPIN,YINWEIRENMENXUYAOSHENMEDONGXI,ZONGHUIYOUBANFAZHAODAO。QUXIAOJIDUANDEBUPINGDENGYIWEIZHEWOMENBUZAIXUYAOJIBAIWANMINGKANMENYUAN、SIRENJINGWEI、YUZUHUOTEJINGDUIDEDABUFENFUWU,GENGBUYAOSHUOJUNDUILE。JINRONGJIA、CHENGBAORENHEYINXINGJIADOUSHIJISHENGWU。”

2011NIAN,GELEIBOCHUBANDE《ZHAI:DIYIGE5000NIAN》CHENGWEICHANGXIAOSHU。TAZAISHUZHONGTICHU,ZHULIUJINGJIXUEGUANYUHUOBIHEZHAIDEQIYUANDEJIASHUODOUSHIMEIYOUGENJUDE。HUOBIBINGBUSHIQIYUANYUHEPINGDESHICHANGJIAOHUAN,ERSHIYUANZIZHAIZHUHEZHAIWURENZHIJIANBUPINGDENGDEQUANLIGUANXI。“RENMENGUANYUHUOBILISHIDEBIAOZHUNSHUOFASHIFEICHANGLUOHOUDE。RENLEIBINGBUSHICONGYIWUYIWUKAISHI,RANHOUFAXIANLEHUOBI,ZUIZHONGFAZHANCHUXINDAITIXI。SHIJIQINGKUANGSHILINGYIFUQINGJING。SHOUXIANCHUXIANDE,SHIRUJINBEIWOMENCHENGWEIXUNIHUOBIDEDONGXI。HENJIUYIHOUCAICHUXIANYINGBI,ERYINGBISHIYONGDEPUJICHENGDUFEICHANGBUWENDING,CONGWEINENGGOUWANQUANQUDAIXINDAITIXI。XIANGYINGDI,YIWUYIWUSIHUSHIRENMENZAISHIYONGYINGBIHUOZHIZHIHUOBIGUOCHENGZHONGYIWAIDANSHENGDEFUCHANPIN:ZAILISHISHANG,YIWUYIWUZHUYAOYOUYIJINGSHUXIXIANJINJIAOYIDERENMENSHIYONG——DANGTAMENYOUYUMOUZHONGYUANYIN,WUFAQUDEHUOBIDESHIHOU,JIUHUICAIQUYIWUYIWUDEFANGSHI。”

JIAOZAODESHICHANGZHUYAOKAOXINYONGYUNXING,SHIYONGXIANJINDESHICHANGSHISUIZHEZHANZHENGERXINGQIDE。“ZHANZHENG、ZHENGFUHENUYIBUJINJINZAIJIANGRENLEIJINGJIZHUANBIANWEISHICHANGJINGJIDEGUOCHENGZHONGBANYANLEHEXINDEJIAOSE,YEZAIGEZHONGCHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGDAOLEWOMENDESHEHUIZHONGJIHUSUOYOUDEJIANZHI。SHEIZUIYOUKENENGDIYIGEKANDAOFANGZILIDEGEZHONGWUJIAN,ERLIKEPINGGUZAISHICHANGSHANGCHUSHOUTAMENKEYIHUANHUIDUOSHAODONGXI?HAOWUYIWEN,ZHIYOUDAOZEIHUIZHEIYANGZUO……RENHEBASHIJIEGUIJIEWEISHUZIDETIXI,ZHIYOUTONGGUOWUQICAINENGWEICHIXIAQU,BULUNSHIDAO、JIAN、GUNBANG,HAISHIDANGJINWURENJIASHIFEIJITOUXIADEJIGUANGZHIDAODAODAN。”

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ZAIHOULAIDEZHUZUOZHONG,GELEIBOYITAFENGQU、XIXIDEFENGGE,YONGTADERENLEIXUEXUNLIANPOUXILEGEZHONGZHUTI,RUMINZHU(“ZUIZAODEZHENZHENGDEMINZHUJIGOUSHIHAIDAOCHUAN”)、GUANLIAOJIGOU(“JINGCHASHIDAIQIANGDEGUANLIAO”)HEKEJI(“HUIFEIDEQICHEZAINALI?”)。ZAITAOLUNKEJISHI,TAQUFENLESHIYIDEJISHUYUGUANLIAODEJISHU。SHIYIDEJISHUYONGLIXINGDE、JISHUDESHOUDUANBAKUANGXIANGBIANCHENGXIANSHI。TAGENWENMINGYIYANGGULAO。RUJINKEYANDOUSHIJUXINGGUANLIAOZHUYIXIANGMUTUIDONGDE,DUIGUIGUHEHULIANWANGQIYUANSHENHUADEMILIANZHEBILEZHENXIANG,ZHENGFU、DAXUEHESIYOUGONGSIDEXIANGHUSHENTOUDAOZHISUOYOURENDOUCAINALEGONGSIZHONGCHUXIANDEYUYAN、GANSHOULIHEZUZHIXINGSHI。ZHEIZHONGGONGSIGUANLIAOJIZHIYOUZHUYUKAIFACHANPIN,DUIFUHUAYUANCHUANGXINGYANJIULAISHUOQUESHIZAINANXINGDE。

GELEIBORENWEI,XINXINGKEJIBINGMEIYOUGAISHANMINSHENG、JIANSHAORENMENDEGONGZUOLIANG,“XINXIJISHUDEKUOZHANHEXINDEZUZHIYUNSHUDEFANGSHI,SHIDETONGYANGDEGONGYEGONGZUOBEIWAIBAODAODONGYA、LAMEIDENGGUOJIA,NEILIDELIANJIALAODONGLISHIDEZHIZAOSHANGNENGGOUSHIYONGBUNEIMEFADADESHENGCHANXIANJISHU。JINGXINSHEJIDEGAOKEJIYUNDONGXIEBUSHIYONGZHINENGJIXIEXIAHUOFENZINAMIKEJISHENGCHANDE,ERSHIMOXIGEHUOYINNINONGMINDENVERYONGLAOSHIFENGRENJIZUODE。SUIRANZAIYIXUEHESHENGMINGKEXUEFANGMIANYOUZHEKONGQIANDETOURU,DANWOMENRENGZAIDENGDAIAIZHENGHEPUTONGGANMAODEZHIYUFANGFA,ZUIDADEYIXUETUPOSHIBAIYOUJIEDENGYAOWU,WEIDESHIQUEBAOXINDEGONGZUOYAOQIUBUHUIBAWOMENCHEDIBIFENG。DIANNAOSHIGUZHUCHUANGZAOLELINGHUODEGONGZUOGUANLIFANGFA,POHUAILECHUANTONGDEGONGZUOANQUANXING,ZENGJIALEJIHUSUOYOURENDEGONGZUOSHIZHANG。”


1.BENZHANZUNXUNXINGYEGUIFAN,RENHEZHUANZAIDEGAOJIANDOUHUIMINGQUEBIAOZHUZUOZHEHELAIYUAN;2.BENZHANDEYUANCHUANGWENZHANG,QINGZHUANZAISHIWUBIZHUMINGWENZHANGZUOZHEHELAIYUAN,BUZUNZHONGYUANCHUANGDEXINGWEIWOMENJIANGZHUIJIUZEREN;3.ZUOZHETOUGAOKENENGHUIJINGWOMENBIANJIXIUGAIHUOBUCHONG。

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