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人物

重说高罗佩与“狄公案”

作者:admin 2020-10-09 我要评论

20SHIJI50NIANDAIYILAI,CHUTANGMINGXIANGDIRENJIE(630~700NIAN)YIJudge Dee(ZHIYIWEIDIFAGUAN)DETOUXIAN,JISHENYUSHIJIEZHUMINGZHENTANZHILIE,BINGBEIYUWEIDONGFANGFUERMOSI。ZHEIYIQIEDOUYINGGUIGONGYUZHUMINGHAN...

20世纪50年代以来,初唐名相狄仁杰(630~700年)以Judge Dee(直译为“狄法官”)的头衔,跻身于世界著名侦探之列,并被誉为“东方福尔摩斯”。这一切都应归功于著名汉学家、荷兰人高罗佩。正是他以一己之力,在十几年里创作出以中国古代为背景的狄公案系列侦探小说(Judge Dee Mysteries),包括14部长篇、2部中篇和8部短篇,从而使得神探狄仁杰成为中西文化交流史上的标志性人物。 今年是高罗佩110周年诞辰,关于他和狄公系列小说,研究者有无新的发现?

 

高罗佩晚年在东京书房著述时的留影

 

文/张凌

《武则天四大奇案》和狄公系列小说有何微妙的关联?

20SHIJI30NIANDAIHOUQI,ZAIHELANZHURIBENSHIGUANDANRENZHULIYIYUANDEGAOLUOPEICENGDUOCIQIANWANGZHONGGUOLVXING,CANJIAGEZHONGWENHUAHUODONG。JUTABENRENHUIYI,1936NIANCENGZAISHANGHAIMIANHUIGUODIRENJIEDEHOUREN,“NAISHIYIWEISHIFENKEJINGDEZHANGZHE,JINGTONGGUDAISHUHUAJIANSHANG,XIZAICICIWUMIANJINSHICHUYULIJIEDEFANFANERTAN,YINWEIBIZHEDANGSHISHANGWEIYUJIANDAOSHISINIANZHIHOU,ZIJIJINGHUITIBIZHUANXIEYOUGUANQIZHUMINGXIANZUDEXILIEXIAOSHUO”(JIAN《TIEDINGAN》QIANYAN)。DUIFANGSHIFOUDIRENJIEDEHOURENYIJINGNANYIKAOZHENG,DANZHEIYIDUANYIXIANGBUDAODEXIEHOU,HUOXUBIANSHIGAOLUOPEIYUDIGONGJIEYUANDEZHAOSHI。

GAOLUOPEI1910NIANCHUSHENGYUHELANZUTEFEN(Zutphen),BENMINGLUOBOTE·HANSI·FANGULIKE(Robert Hans van Gulik),QIFUWEILIAN·YAGEBU·FANGULIKESHIHELANHUANGJIAJUNDUIDEJUNYIGUAN。1915NIAN,LUOBOTEGENSUIJIARENYUANDUZHONGYANG,ZAIHESHUDONGYINDU(RUJINDEYINDUNIXIYA)JUZHUGUO8NIAN,CHUCIJIECHUDAOZHONGGUOWENHUA。1923NIAN,QUANJIAFANHUIHELANDINGJU,TAZAINAIMEIGEN(Nijmegen)SHILIZHONGXUEDUSHU,KEYUSHIZIXUEZHONGWEN,KAISHISHIYONGZHONGWENMING“GAOLUOPEI”(“GAO”LAIZIQIXINGSHIGulikZHONGDEGu,“LUOPEI”ZELAIZIRobertDEHEWENYINYI),BINGZAIXUESHUQIKAN《ZHONGGUO》SHANGLUXUFABIAOYANJIULUNWEN。1930NIAN9YUE,GAOLUOPEIJINRULAIDUNDAXUE,XUEXIZHONGWENHERIWEN,1932NIAN2YUEHUODEXUESHIXUEWEI,HOULAIZHUANRUWUTELEZHIDAXUE,1934NIAN4YUEYILUNWEN《MIFEIJIQI〈YANSHI〉》HUODEDONGFANGYUYANXUESHUOSHIXUEWEI,1935NIAN3YUEYOUYILUNWEN《MATOUMINGWANGGUJINZHUSHUOYUANLIUKAO》HUODEZHEXUEYUWENXUEBOSHIXUEWEI,SUIJIJINRUWAIJIAOBU,BEIRENMINGWEIHELANZHURIBENSHIGUANZHULIYIYUAN。

GAOLUOPEIZAIHELANZHURISHIGUANGONGZUO7NIANZHIHOU,YOUYUTAIPINGYANGZHANZHENGBAOFA,YU1942NIAN7YUE30RICHENGCHUANCHELIRIBEN。LINXINGCANGCUZHIJI,TASUISHENXIEDAILEJIBENZHONGWENSHUJIZUOWEIDUWU,QIZHONGBAOKUOZHANGPIANBAIHUAXIAOSHUO《WUZETIANSIDAQIAN》,ZHENGSHICISHUDAOYINLEHOULAIDIGONGANXILIEXIAOSHUODEXIEZUO。JUQIZICHUANGAOSUOYAN,ZHIDAO1944NIANDIAORENZHONGQINGHOU,TACAIZHENZHENGKANGUO《WUZETIANSIDAQIAN》,BINGSHENGANXINGQU,1948NIANQIANHOUZAIMEIGUOHUASHENGDUNGONGZUOSHIWANCHENGFANYI。

英译本《狄公案》1949年初版封面

 

1949NIAN,《WUZETIANSIDAQIAN》DEYINGYIBEN《DIGONGAN》(Dee Goong An:Three Murder Cases Solved by Judge Dee)ZAIRIBENDONGJINGCHUBAN。GUANYUCISHUCHUBANDEQIANHOUQINGXING,GAOLUOPEICENGYOUGUORUXIAJISHU:

DANGWOFAXIANSHUSHISHANGYOUDALIANGDERIBENNIANQINGZUOJIAXIEDEGUANYUZHIJIAGEHENIUYUEDESANDENGZHENTANXIAOSHUOSHI,WOJUEDINGFABIAOWODE《DIGONGAN》DEYINGYIBEN,YIXIANGNEIXIEZUOJIAZHANSHIGUDAIZHONGGUOZHENTANXIAOSHUOZHONGYOUFEICHANGDUODEHAOTICAI。WOZIJICHUQIANCHUBANLENEIBENSHU,JIEGUOTASHIFENCHANGXIAO,ZAILIUGEYUENEIYIJINGBACHENGBENLAOHUILAILE,ERQIEHAIZHUANDAOLEKEGUANDELIRUN。ZHONGGUOHERIBENDEZUOJIAMENHENXIHUANKANNEIBENSHU,DANBINGBUJUEDEZIJIBIXUXIENEIYANGDEXIAOSHUO。TAMENTANCHENGDISHUO,DUITAMENLAISHUO,NEIGEZHUTIQUEFA“YIGUOQINGQU”。YINCIWOJUEDINGZUOWEIYIZHONGSHIYANLAIJIXUXIENEIZHONGXIAOSHUO,YUSHIWOJIEZHEXIELE《TONGZHONGAN》。(JIAN《DAHANXUEJIAGAOLUOPEICHUAN》)

《WUZETIANSIDAQIAN》YOUMING《DIGONGAN》《DILIANGGONGQUANCHUAN》,YOUQINGDAIWUMINGSHISUOZUO,QIAN30HUIJIANGSHUDIRENJIERENSHANDONGCHANGPINGXIANLINGSHIZHIDUANSANZHUANGYIANDEGUSHI,HOU34HUIZESHITARUJINGHOUZHENGSUCHAOGANG、YUWUHOUDANGYUDOUZHIDOUYONGDEJINGLI。GAOLUOPEIJIEQULEQIAN30HUIYICHENGYINGWEN,YINWEIZAITAKANLAI,QIANBANBUDETANANQINGJIEXIANGDANGJINGCAI,QIEJIBENZUNCONGXIFANGZHENTANXIAOSHUODECHANGGUIYUZHUNZE,ZUYIYINQIXIFANGDUZHEDEXINGQU。

CIYINGYIBENYUHOULAIGAOLUOPEIZIJIZHUANXIEDEDIGONGANXILIEXIAOSHUOZHIJIANDELIANXI,SHIJISHANGPOWEIFUZAERWEIMIAO。CONGNEIRONGLAIKAN,YINGYIBENBAOKUOSANGEANJIAN,JI“LIMINGSHUANGSHIAN”、“GUAISHIAN”HE“DUSHAXINFUAN”,QIZHONG“DUSHAXINFUAN”LIDIGONGJIANLIANGSHANGHUICHENLUORUCHAWANBINGYOUCIHUANGWUDUWULAIYUANDEXIJIE,HOULAIBEIJIEYONGZAI《HUANGJINAN》ZHONG;“GUAISHIAN”LIBIZHOUSHIYURENTONGJIAN、YONGGANGZHENMOUHAIQIFUDEQINGJIE,ZAI《TIEDINGAN》LIYEYOUBUSHAOJIEJIAN,ZHISHIZAIQINGLISHANGDUINVZHURENGONGYOUSUOHUIHU,HENDACHENGDUSHANGGAIBIANLEYUANZUOZHONGXINHENSHOULA、SHIEBUSHEDECHUANTONGYINFUXINGXIANG。LINGWAI,DIGONGDESIDASUICONGMARONG、QIAOTAI、HONGLIANG、TAOGAN,YEDOUSHICONG《WUZETIANSIDAQIAN》ZHONGZHIJIEJIEYONGERLAI,GEZIJINGLIYEYOUXIANGSIZHICHU,BUGUOGAOLUOPEIDUIYUXINGGESUZAOSHIFENJINGXIN,YINCIRENWUXINGXIANGXIANDEGENGWEIFENGMANERSHENGDONG。

CONGXINGSHIERYAN,YINGYIBEN《DIGONGAN》JIBENYANXILEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGDEZHANGHUITI,YONGYIZUDUIJUZUOWEIZHANGJIEHUIMU,KAIPIANCHUYOUYISHOUXUNYUSHIHEYIDUANYINQIZHENGWENDEXIEZI,WEILEZHAOGUXIFANGDUZHE,HAIBIANXIELERENWUBIAO,BINGFUYOUQIANYAN、HOUJI,ZHEZHONGJIESHAOZHONGGUOGUDAISIFAZHIDUYUCANKAODEZHONGYINGWENDIANJI。GAOLUOPEIZAICHUANGZUO“DIYIXILIE”DEWUBUXIAOSHUO(JI《HUANGJINAN》《HUBINAN》《TONGZHONGAN》《MIGONGAN》《TIEDINGAN》)SHI,YEWANQUANZUNZHAOTONGYANGDETILI。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,ZAITABENRENSHOUZANGDE1903NIANSHANGHAIGUANGYISHUJUSHIBANYINSHUALIUJUANXIAOKAIBEN《WUZETIANSIDAQIAN》ZHONG,DI15HUIYUDI16HUIZHIJIANCHARULEYIDUANDANCIZHONGDE“MADIAOKAIPIAN”;ZAIYINGYIBEN《DIGONGAN》ZHONGDETONGYANGWEIZHI,YEJIARULEYIGEJIANDUANDECHAQU,XIECHENGZHONGGUOXIQUZHONGYIZHEXIDEXINGSHI,DANSHIZHEIYITESEZAIHOULAIDEGAOLUOPEIDIGONGANXIAOSHUOZHONGWEIZAICHUXIANGUO。

日译本《迷宫案》1951年初版封面

 

CHUQUYISHANGZHEIXIEJIAOWEIMINGXIANDEFANGMIAN,RUGUOZIXIDUIBIYINGYIBEN《DIGONGAN》HEZHONGWENYUANBEN《WUZETIANSIDAQIAN》,BIANHUIFAXIANZHEILIANGZHONGWENBENZHIJIANHAICUNZAIBUSHAOXIJIECHAYI。GAOLUOPEIZAIFANYISHI,SHANQULEYUANSHUZHONGYIXIESUOSUIWUWEIDENEIRONGHERENWU,ZHEZHONGTUCHUZHUYAOQINGJIE,HENDUOJUTICHULIDESHOUFANAIZHIWENCIYONGYU,DOUZAIHOULAIDEXIAOSHUOZHONGCHUXIANGUO;MOUXIEDIFANGYEYOUSUOTIANJIA,HUOSHIWEILEXIANGXIFANGDUZHEJIESHAOZHONGGUOWENHUADEZHISHIDIAN,HUOSHIWEILEXUANRANQIFEN、ZENGQIANGXUANNIANERXIANGSHUCHANGJINGHUOJINGGUO。CHUCIZHIWAI,ZHONGWENYUANBENZHONGHAIYOUYIGEYOUYUXIEYINERZAOCHENGDEGUANJIANXIANSUO,GAOLUOPEIZAIFANYISHIZUOLEQIAOMIAODEBIANTONGCHULI,HUOXUZHENGSHISHOUCIQIFA,HOULAITAZAICHUANGZUO《MIGONGAN》SHIYEYONGXIEYINZUOWEIZHONGYAOGUANJIE。ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANG,TAYIJIANGCIYIBENCHANGSHIGAIZAOCHENGLEYIBULEISIXIFANGZHENTANXIAOSHUODEZUOPIN,HUOZHESHUOZHENGSHIDIGONGAN“DIYIXILIE”DECHUXING。KANBAZHIHOU,FANGCAIMINGBAIWEIHETASUIHOUCHUANGZUODE《TONGZHONGAN》YICHUSHOUJIUXIANDEXIANGDANGCHENGSHU,WOCAICETAYONGYINGYIBENDEMINGYIYUXIANYANLIANLEYIBIAN,CONGCHUBANHOUDEYULUNHEPINGJIAZHONGKEYIGUANQIHOUXIAO,YIDANDEDAOLINGRENMANYIDEHUIKUI,DUIYUZHEIZHONGZHONGGAIZAODEXIAOGUOZISHIXINXINDAZENG,YUSHIJINJIEZHEBIANKAISHIZIXINGCHUANGZUO。

1950NIAN3YUE,GAOLUOPEICAIYONGZHANGHUITIDEXINGSHI,WANCHENGLEYIDIGONGWEIZHUJIAODEDIYIBUXIAOSHUO《TONGZHONGAN》,DANSHIYOUYUSHUZHONGYOUDUIFOJIAOTUDEXIAOJIMIAOXIE,ZAODAOLERIBENCHUBANSHANGDEJUJUE——ZHIDAO1953NIAN,CISHUDERIYIBENCAISHOUCIFABIAOYUZAZHI《ZHENTANJULEBU》,YINGWENBENYU1958NIANYOUYINGGUOMAIKEER·YUESEFUCHUBANSHECHUBAN。SUIHOUTAYOUXIECHU《MIGONGAN》,YOUQIHAOYOU、RIBENHANXUEJIAYUFANSHANXIONGJIAOSHOUYICHENGRIYU,ZHUMINGZHENTANXIAOSHUOJIAJIANGHUCHUANLUANBUQINZIZUOXU,1951NIANYOUDONGJINGJIANGTANSHECHUBAN,MINGWEI《MILUZHISHAREN》。

ZAICICHARUYIDUANYISHI:1952NIAN1YUE,GAOLUOPEIQUANJIAZAIXIANGGANGDUJIA,“DANGWOHESHIFANGZAIJIULONGYIGEPIANPIDEXIAOXIANGLIXUNZHAOYIWEIPENGYOUDEJIASHI,WOMENFEICHANGOURANDIKANDAOLEYIGEXIAOSIMIAO,TASHIWEILEJINIANSONGCHAOWEIDADEZHENTANBAOGONGJIANZAODE。ZAIPANGBIANDEJITANSHANGJINGRANBAIFANGZHEDIGONGDESUXIANG!WOMENSHAOLEXIANG,WOFURENJIANCHISHUO,DANGSHIZAILAOFAGUANYUWOZHIJIANJIANLILEYIZHONGYUANFEN,YIGESHENMIDENIUDAI。HOULAIFASHENGDESHIQINGSIHUZHENGMINGLETASHIDUIDE”。

1952NIAN2YUE,GAOLUOPEIDIAORENYINDUXINDELIJIESHILEZHANGLIZHAIJIAOSHOU,ZAIQIBANGZHUXIAJIANG《MIGONGAN》ZIXINGYICHENGZHONGWEN,1953NIANYOUXINJIAPONANYANGSHANGBAOSHECHUBAN,MINGWEI《DIRENJIEQIAN》。YOUYUCISHUSHITABENRENZIZHUANDEWEIYIZHONGWENBEN,YINCIGEWAIJUYOUJIAZHIHEYIYI。JIUZAIJINNIAN8YUE,YUANCHUBANSHETUICHULEZHEIYICHUBANDEYINGYINBEN,YISHIXIANJIGAOLUOPEI110ZHOUNIANDANCHENDEYIFENHELI。

英文本何以在西方走红?

GAOLUOPEIQICHUBINGWUYICHUBANXIAOSHUODEYINGWENBEN,ZHISHIJIANGQIZUOWEIYUBEITUICHUDEZHONGWENBENHERIWENBENDEXIEZUODIGAO,HOULAIYOUPENGYOUBIAOSHIDUIZHEIZHONGXINXINGZHENTANXIAOSHUOPOGANXINGQUSHI,TACAIJUEDINGCHANGSHIYIER。1956NIAN,《MIGONGAN》YINGWENBENYOUHELANFANHUWEICHUBANSHECHUBAN。DIGONGANXIAOSHUOSHOUCIZAIXIFANGSHIJIELIANGXIANG,JIUDEDAOLE“ZHENTANNVWANG”AJIASHA·KELISIDIDECHENGZAN:“WOFEICHANGXIHUANZHEIBENSHU,ZHENGBENSHUCHONGMANSHAOJIANDEMEILIHEXINXIANGAN,WOZHUTAQUDEGENGDADECHENGGONG。”

DUIBIYUEDUZHONGWENZIYIBENYUYINGWENBENZHIHOU,BUNANFAXIANZHEIBINGFEISHIDANCHUNDEZHONGYINGHUYI,SHUOSHIYISHULIANGZUOCAIDUI。ZAIYUYANFENGGESHANG,ZHONGWENZIYIBENJINSIBAIHUAXIAOSHUO,WENZIMINGBAIXIAOCHANG,QIANCIZAOJUYOUJIANGONGLI,QIZHONGHAICHUANCHAYOUSHIWENJIEYU,YIPAIGUFENGGUYUN,WANQUANSHIZHENDUIDANGSHIDEZHONGWENDUZHEQUNERZUODEZHONGGUOSHIBAIHUAXIAOSHUO。ZAIQUANSHUDEKAIPIANCHU,TAYIZHAOCHUANTONGTIANCIYISHOU,DIAOJI《LINJIANGXIAN》:

YUNZHUANHONGJUNBAOWANYOU,RIXINGHEYUETAIXIAN。RENJIANWANWUBENTIANRAN,HUIHUITIANWANGMI,BAOYINGZONGWUPIAN。

ZAIWEIGUCHENGMINFUMU,CAIHUAWANKOUZHENGCHUAN。GUJINDUOSHAOSHENGHEXIAN,JITIANXINGDADAO,WEISHIXUEQIYUAN。

ZAIFANGUANYINGWENBEN,YOUYUMIANXIANGDUIZHONGGUOLISHIWENHUAQUEFALEJIEDEXIFANGDUZHE,YINCIWENZIQIANXIANPINGYI,MIAOSHUXINGHEJIESHAOXINGDEDUANLUOGENGDUO,ZAIXIJIECHULIYOUQISHIRENWUDUIHUASHANG,DAOSHISHEJIDEGENGJIAJINGXIN,YEGENGDUOJIQIAO,YIBIANYINQIDAZHONGDEYUEDUXINGQU。CONGYINGWENBENZHONG,YOUSHISINENGTIHUIDAOGAOLUOPEINEIZHONGNIUDAOGEJI、BUNENGJINXINGDEWUNAI,ZHIDEYIWEIQIANJIN。ZHEIZHONGJIQIZHAOGUBUTONGDUZHEQUNJIESHOUNENGLIDEZUOFA,QIANTIBIANSHIYAONENGSHULIANZHANGWOBUTONGYUZHONGDEXIEZUO,FOUZEYOUXINWULI,YISHIWANGRAN,ERGAOLUOPEIQUESHICHENGGONGDIZUODAOLEZHEIYIDIAN。WUYONGHUIYAN,TASHIXIAIXUANJIDEREN,ZAIZHONGWENBENLIXUANDEZHUYAOSHIWENZIGONGFU,GUSHIBENSHENDAOZAIQICI,YINCIZAIXIEZUOSHOUFASHANGLVEXIANPINGPUZHIXU;ERZAIYINGWENBENLIXUANDEZESHIGUANGBODEZHISHI,SHANGZHICHAOTANGZHIDUXIAZHIJIAJUQIWUWUSUOBUYOU,BINGQIESHIZHONGBAOCHIRENZHENYANJINDETAIDU,ZHENGRUZHUMINGXUEZHEWUXIAOLINGSUOYAN:“GAOSHIDEBOLANHEZAXUEDIANDINGLETACHUANGZUO《DIGONGAN》DEJIANSHIJICHU。LIJIEZHEIGEBEIJING,CAINENGMINGLETADECHUANGZUOLIDENAPAYIGEXIWEIDEQINGJIE,SHENZHIYICAOYIMUYIPINGYIZHAN,JIHUWUYIZIWUCHUCHU。”

1957NIAN,LINYUTANGYONGYINGWENSUOZHUDE《WUZETIANCHUAN》YOUYINGGUOHAINIEMANCHUBANSHECHUBAN,GAOLUOPEIZAI《TIEDINGAN》QIANYANYUQITAJIBENXIAOSHUODEHOUJIZHONGJUNYOUTIJI。LINYUTANGCISHUZHONGGUANYUDIGONGDEJISHUSUIRANJIZHONGZAIQISHITUSHENGYADEHOUBANDUAN,DANSHIZAIXINGGEYANXINGFANGMIAN,YOUYIDINGDECANKAOJIAZHI,TEBIESHIZAI《GUANGZHOUAN》ZHONGSHUJITANGGAOZONGBINGWEI、CHAOTINGGEPAIHUXIANGZHENGDOUSHI,GAOLUOPEIHUOXUCONGLINDEZHUZUOZHONGYOUSUOJIEJIAN。

1958NIAN,GAOGONGKAISHIZHESHOUCHUANGZUO“XINXILIE”。TATINGCONGXIFANGDUZHEDEYIJIANHEYAOQIU,ZHEYISUODUANXIAOSHUOPIANFU,JIANSHAOSHUZHONGRENWUDESHULIANG(TONGGUOANPAIDIGONGYUYIMINGQINSUIXIETONGBANANLAIDADAOZHEIYIMUDE),ZAITICAISHANGYEYOUSUOGAIBIAN,SHANQUZHANGJIEHUIMU、KAIPIANXUNYUSHIHEXIEZI,YIBIANYONGGENGDUODEPIANFULAIMIAOSHURENWUXINGGE,GUSHIQINGJIEYEYIZICHUANGWEIZHU。TAYUANBENJIANGDUANPIANXIAOSHUOJI《DUANANJI》ZUOWEI“XINXILIE”DESHOUSHANZHIZUO,ZAISHUZHONGFUYOUZUOPINNIANBIAO,HOULAIYINGCHUBANSHEDEYAOQIU,YOUXIECHULE“XINXINXILIE”DELIANGBUZUOPIN,JIESHIDIGONGDUZIYIRENTANANDEGUSHI。

1967NIAN7YUE,GAOGONGFANHUIHELANHAIYADUJIA,DEZHIZIJISHENHUANFEIAI、LAIRIWUDUO,RENGRANMANZHEJIARENQUANLIGONGZUO。GENJUCHUANJISUOSHU,TACHUANGZUOZUIHOUYIBUXIAOSHUODELINGGAN,LAIZIYU30DUONIANQIANSHENWEILAIDUNDAXUEXUESHENGSHIZAIBALIDELVXINGHEFAGUOGEQU《SHIRENZHILING》,DANGSHITACENGYUFAGUOZHIMINGNVGESHOULUXIANG·BOWAYEYIQIZAIBOWASENLINZHONGQIMA,“ZAIBALIDUGUODENEIDUANSUIYUEHENLANGMANHEFUYOUSHIYI,YOURUBOXIMIYARENDESHENGHUO”。ZAIRENSHENGZUIHOUDERIZILI,TAZHENGYEBOFANGZHULIYE·GELEIKEDECHANGPIAN,YINWEIQIZHONGYEYOULUXIANG·BOWAYEDE《SHIRENZHILING》,JIANCHIZAIBINGQINGEHUADEQIANYEWANCHENGLE《ZHONGQIUAN》,LIANGTIANZHIHOU,YU9YUE24RIYUSHIZHANGCI。

ZICONG1951NIAN《MIGONGAN》RIYIBENCHUBANYILAI,DIGONGANXILIEXIAOSHUOYIBEIYICHENG29ZHONGWENZI,ZHIJINCHANGXIAOQUANQIU。GUANYUQIJIAZHIHECHUANBO,HELANZHUMINGHANXUEJIAYIWEIDE(Wilt L. Idema)CENGJINGSHUOGUO,20SHIJI50NIANDAIHOUQI,DIGONGANXIAOSHUOCENGZAIXIFANGSHIJIEYINFAGUORECHAO。“WODANGSHIHAISHIYIMINGGAOZHONGSHENG,MEIFENGDANGDITUSHUGUANGOURUZUIXINTUICHUDEDIGONGANXIAOSHUOSHI,WOZONGSHINULIQIANGXIANTOUYIGEJIEYUE。TUSHUGUANZHIZAIXINGQIWUWANSHANGKAIFANG,WOBIXUGANZAIXINGQILIUWANSHANGZHIQIANDUWANXINSHU,YINWEIWODEFUQINYEYAOKAN。ZAI1963NIANJINRUDAXUEZHIQIAN,WODUIZHONGGUODESUOYOULEJIEDOULAIZIDIGONGANXIAOSHUO,HAIYOUSAIZHENZHUDEYIBUZUOPIN。ZAIYINGYUSHIJIELI,ZHEIYIXILIEXIAOSHUOYIZHILIUXINGDAO70NIANDAI,ZAIFAGUOCHIXUDEGENGJIU,ZHIDAOJINTIAN,RENGYOUZIMINGWEIGAOLUOPEICHUANRENDEZUOJIASHUXIEXUJI。”DIGONGANXIAOSHUOHUICHUANZHONGGUOHOU,“JINNIANLAICHUXIANLEJIBUDIANSHILIANXUJU,QINEIRONGSUIRANBUXIANYUGAOLUOPEIDEZUOPIN,DANSHIKEYIGONGPINGDISHUO,RUGUOMEIYOUGAOLUOPEIDEZAOQICHUANGZUO,JIUBUHUICHANSHENGRUJINZHEIXIEDIANSHIJU。ZHEIJIUSHIDEGAOLUOPEICHENGWEI20SHIJIZHONGXIWENHUAJIAOLIUSHISHANGDUYIWUERDERENWU。XUDUOXIFANGZUOJIACENGJINGCONGZHONGGUOWENHUAZHONGDEDAOLINGGAN,YOUXIEZUOPINYECENGBEIYICHENGZHONGWEN,DANSHIWURENNENGXIANGGAOLUOPEIDEDIGONGANNEIYANGZAIZHONGGUOGUANGWEILIUCHUAN,BINGDUIZHONGGUORENDEXIANGXIANGLICHANSHENGRUCIJUDADEYINGXIANG”。YISHANGSUOYAN,QUESHIDUIGAOLUOPEIJIQIZUOPINDEGONGYUNPINGJIA。


1.BENZHANZUNXUNXINGYEGUIFAN,RENHEZHUANZAIDEGAOJIANDOUHUIMINGQUEBIAOZHUZUOZHEHELAIYUAN;2.BENZHANDEYUANCHUANGWENZHANG,QINGZHUANZAISHIWUBIZHUMINGWENZHANGZUOZHEHELAIYUAN,BUZUNZHONGYUANCHUANGDEXINGWEIWOMENJIANGZHUIJIUZEREN;3.ZUOZHETOUGAOKENENGHUIJINGWOMENBIANJIXIUGAIHUOBUCHONG。

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